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Dyfed 

To the southwest of Wales belongs the preserved county of Dyfed. Located on the coasts of the Irish Sea and the Bristol Channel, this region is primarily rural.

Dyfed was also the name of the county council for this area between the years 1974 and 1996, and it is still used for some ceremonial and other purposes today.

History

Dyfed is one of Wales's preserved counties. On 1 April 1974, under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, it was established as an administrative county council, and its original jurisdiction included roughly the same area as the ancient Principality of Deheubarth, with the exception of the Gower Peninsula and the area west of the River Tawe.

The area once inhabited by the Irish Déisi and now known as Pembrokeshire was the inspiration for the name Dyfed. Ceredigion was never a part of Dyfed in the past, and neither was Carmarthenshire. Dyfed, the modern county, is made up of the present-day counties of Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, and Pembroke. The next day it was broken up into individual municipalities. 

As of the 1st of April 1996, the three historic counties were reinstated for administrative purposes, with Cardiganshire becoming Ceredigion the following day. This resulted in the dissolution of Dyfed County Council. For some official and ceremonial purposes, the name "Dyfed" is still in use.

Headquarters

Carmarthen served as Dyfed County Council's seat of government, but Llanelli was the county seat and largest city. Haverfordwest, Milford Haven, and Aberystwyth were also major urban hubs.

The retention of the name

Some regional bodies, such as Dyfed-Powys Police & Dyfed Telecom, and the Lord Lieutenancy, continued to use the name Dyfed for ceremonial purposes, but some databases, such as that of Royal Mail, continued to use it at least until 2008, leading to confusion in online commerce.

Geography

The Welsh county of Dyfed stretches along the coast from the Bristol Channel to the Irish Sea. North Gwynedd, East Powys, and Southeast West Glamorgan are all preserved counties that surround this area.

Dyfed's northernmost county, Ceredigion, has a small coastline and is largely surrounded by the Cambrian Mountains. The Severn and Wye flow east into England, while the Dulas, Llyfnant, and Rheidol flow west into the Irish Sea, and all five rivers have their origins on the slopes of Plynlimon, the highest point in the area at 752 meters (2,467 feet). Ceredigion's southern region is flatter, and the River Teifi serves as a boundary between it and Carmarthenshire.

The southeast corner of Dyfed, known as Carmarthenshire, is mostly hilly, with the exception of the river valleys and the coastal strip. The Cambrian Mountains are located to the north of Carmarthenshire, with Fforest Fawr and Black Mountain extending eastward into the county. Fan Foel, at 781 meters (2,562 feet), is located on the border with Powys and is Carmarthenshire's highest point. The rivers Towy, Loughor, Gwendraeth, and Taf all flow into the Bristol Channel, with the latter being the largest. The estuaries of the Loughor, Gwendraeth, Tywi, and Taf deeply slash the county of Carmarthenshire's lengthy coastline. There are numerous fishing communities and sandy beaches in the south, while the eastern coast, around Llanelli and Burry Port, is more industrial. 

The county of Pembrokeshire is located in Dyfed's southwest corner, and its coastline juts out into the Irish Sea. Even though it lacks the mountains that characterize the rest of Dyfed, much of its interior is still undulating. The Preseli Hills (Mynydd Preseli) are a large area of high moorland located up north. Foel Cwmcerwyn, at 536 meters (1,759 feet), is the highest point in the Preseli Hills and all of Pembrokeshire. The county's largest river, the Cleddau, splits into two major tributaries before emptying into the sea at Milford Haven in the county's southwestern corner. Land around the River Cleddau is generally flat and low, with numerous inlets and creeks. Pembrokeshire has a varied coastline that includes cliffs, bays, and sandy beaches. The county is home to the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, which is home to the Pembrokeshire Coast Path, a hiking trail that spans 186 miles along the coast.

 

Wales, UK Description

Wales is a constituent unit of the United Kingdom that extends the island of Great Britain westward from its eastern border with the Republic of Ireland. Wales, renowned for its starkly rugged landscape, was one of Celtic Europe's most prominent political and cultural centers, and it retains aspects of its culture that are markedly different from those of its English neighbors. Wales was one of Celtic Europe's most prominent political and cultural centers, and it retains aspects of culture that are markedly different from those of its English neighbors.

Wales is a "country very strongly defended by high mountains, deep valleys, extensive woods, rivers, and marshes; insomuch that from the time the Saxons took possession of the island, the remnants of the Britons retiring into these regions could never be completely subdued either by the English or the Normans," the medieval chronicler Giraldus Cambrensis (Gerald of Wales) had topography, history, and current events in mind. When Wales was finally subdued in 1536, it was formally admitted to the kingdom of England by the Act of Union of that year. Despite the fact that many of their compatriots worked at home to preserve cultural traditions and the Welsh language, which experienced a renaissance in the late twentieth century, Welsh engineers, linguists, musicians, writers, and soldiers made significant contributions to the development of the larger British Empire. With the support of the Welsh electorate, the British government granted Wales a measure of autonomy in 1997 by establishing the Welsh Assembly, which assumed decision-making authority over the vast majority of local matters.

Despite the decline of coal mining, which had been the country's economic mainstay for much of the twentieth century, Wales had developed a diversified economy, particularly in the cities of Cardiff and Swansea, while the countryside, which had been reliant on small farming, had attracted a large number of retirees from England. During the twentieth century, tourism developed into an economic mainstay, bringing tourists to Wales' stately parks and castles, as well as cultural events celebrating the country's celebrated musical and literary traditions, many of whom were descendants of Welsh expatriates. While facing constant change, Wales continues to strive for greater independence while also establishing its own distinct identity within an increasingly integrated European Union.

 

Geographical Description of Wales

Located in the United Kingdom, Wales is bordered on the north by the River Dee and Liverpool Bay, on the west by Irish Sea, on the south by Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel, and on the east by the country of England. Anglesey (Môn), the largest island in England and Wales and the largest in the United Kingdom, is located off the northwest coast of the country and is connected to the mainland by road and rail bridges. Wales' varied coastline stretches for approximately 600 miles and is rich in natural resources (970 km). Northern and southern borders are approximately 130 miles (210 kilometers) apart, and the country's east-west width varies significantly, reaching 90 miles (145 kilometers) in the north, narrowing to approximately 40 miles (65 kilometers) in the center, and widening again to more than 100 miles (160 kilometers) in the south. 

Mountains, plateaus, and hills were deeply dissected by glaciers during the Pleistocene Epoch (approximately 2,600,000–11,700 years ago), including the north–south trending Cambrian Mountains, which are a region of plateaus and hills that are themselves fragmented by rivers. Glaciers carved much of the Welsh landscape during the Pleistocene Epoch (approximately 2,600,000–11,700 years ago) into In the south, the Brecon Beacons rise to 2,906 feet (886 metres) at Pen y Fan, and in the northwest, Snowdonia rises to 3,560 feet (1,085 metres) at Snowdon, the highest peak in Wales. Snowdonia's spectacular scenery is enhanced by stark and rugged rock formations, many of which are volcanic in origin, whereas the Beacons' scenery is characterized by softer contours and more gentle slopes. Uplands are surrounded by a series of steep-sided coastal plateaus that range in elevation from approximately 100 to 700 feet on the seaward side of the peninsula (30 to 210 metres). The sea has pounded many of them into spectacular step-like cliffs, which are now popular tourist attractions. Other plateaus give way to coastal flats that are derived from estuaries.

In traditional classifications, Wales is divided into six distinct regions: the rugged central heartland, the northern Welsh lowlands and Isle of Anglesey county, the Cardigan coast (Ceredigion county), the southwest lowlands, the industrial south of Wales, and the Welsh borderland. Located on the border of the counties of Powys, Denbighshire, and Gwynedd, the heartland spans the length of Wales, stretching from the Brecon Beacons in the south to Snowdonia in the north. It is home to two national parks named after mountain ranges in the region. The coastal lowlands, which include Gwynedd's Lleyn Peninsula (Penrhyn Lln) and Anglesey, are located to the north and northwest of the country.

The Cardigan Bay coastline, which lies to the west of the heartland in the county of Ceredigion, is characterized by numerous cliffs and coves, as well as pebble and sand-filled beaches, and is a popular tourist destination. Southwest of the heartland, the counties of Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire are located. The land rises eastward from St. David's Head, through moorlands and uplands, to reach a height of 1,760 feet (536 metres) in the Preseli Hills. South Wales extends south of the heartland on an enormous coalfield that has been mostly depleted over the years. The Welsh border region with England, located to the east of the heartland, is predominantly agricultural, with occasional wooded hills and mountainous moorland interspersed throughout.

 

Wales's Economy

The Welsh economy, in general, reflects the national trends and patterns of the United Kingdom as a whole. While Wales employs a greater proportion of people in agriculture and forestry, manufacturing, and government than any other country in the world, it provides fewer jobs in financial and business services than any other. Wales' gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and employment rates are significantly lower than the national average in the United Kingdom, despite the fact that foreign investment is active in Welsh manufacturing, particularly in high-technology sectors. For the purpose of improving living conditions in areas of western and southern Wales, the European Union has committed substantial development assistance to those areas.


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