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As a town and Royal burgh in the Highland council area of Scotland, Nairn is an important settlement. It is located about 17 miles (27 km) east of Inverness and is an old fishing harbor and market town. The county seat of Nairnshire has been located here for centuries.
With a total population of 9,773 as of the 2011 census, Nairn was the third most populous community in the Highland council region, after Inverness and Fort William.
Nairn is primarily known as a seaside resort with amenities such as two golf courses, award-winning beaches, a community center/mid-scale arts venue (Nairn Community & Arts Centre), a small theater (called The Little Theatre), and a small museum (incorporating the collection of the former Fishertown museum) that provides information about the local area.
Geography of Nairn
Nairn is located on an area 2.6 miles by 1.5 miles on the mouth of the River Nairn and is fronted by the North Sea at the Moray Firth with two huge beaches; it is thought to have been a component of the Supercontinent of Rodinia, as demonstrated by the discovery of Dalradian Supergroup rocks. The beach to the east is more sandy and has dune vegetation (such marram grass), whereas the beach to the west has more rocks but turns into sand at the river mouth. One of the largest regions of stabilized blown sand in Britain is located at the Cublin Sands. In places like Culbin, where forestry is important, the soil has been fortified despite being a very thin and loose organic layer developing right on the sand.
The town is quite level, with the highest point being 65 feet above sea level and the lowest being 40 feet below it near Fishertown. Near Balblair, some parts of Nairn rise to an elevation of 95 feet. The lowlands along the shore have rich free loam soil rather than sand or gravel, making them ideal agricultural locations. All over town, you'll find soils that are thin and relatively acidic. Permo-Triassic sandstones, deep deposits of Jurassic sandstones and black shales, and ice sheet erosion may all be seen in the alluvial plain. Ice age sediments can be quite murky and dark, with infrequent fossils and shells being uncovered during excavations. Conifer woods can be found as the ground rises to the south, and higher up, heather moorland and montane vegetation can be found. Two-eighths of the land in Nairnshire and Moray is covered by trees, making it one of the most forested regions in Britain.
Culture of Nairn
Nairn's The Regal Ballroom on Leopold Street hosted a performance on May 27, 1960, by an artist who would go on to have a profound impact on popular music. Johnny Gentle fronts a cover band comprised of two other, lesser-known musicians around Scotland on The Beat Ballad Show Tour. Its original members, The Beatles. The Silver Beetles were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and George Harrison. Raining in My Heart by Buddy Holly and I Need Your Love Tonight by Elvis Presley made it onto the set list of the cover artists. Famous bands such as Pink Floyd and The Who played at Nairn's Ballerina Ballroom in 1967, Status Quo in 1970, and Fleetwood Mac and Slade in 1971. Every August, Nairn hosts the Nairn International Jazz Festival, an event that has attracted world-class performers like Bob Wilber and the Soprano Summit Jazz ensemble, demonstrating the town's continued commitment to its musical heritage.
The Nairnshire Farming Society has been holding the Nairn Farmer's Show, or Nairn Show as it is more well known, annually since 1798 as a way to celebrate Nairn's agricultural heritage. There will be trade booths, artisan booths, and food fairs in addition to the livestock championships of cattle, sheep, and horses. Locals compete by making and selling baked goods, honey, preserves, and handicrafts like knitting. The World Tattie Scone Championship is only one of many events held over the course of the three-day Taste of Nairn food and drink festival.
The Nairn Drama Club, which has been around since 1946, is responsible for the Little Theatre in Nairn. The club puts on several productions each year, ranging from comedies to dramas to musicals, with the annual Christmas panto being the biggest. Originally located in rundown quarters, the Theatre underwent a complete renovation and reopened in 2004. Tilda Swinton, an Oscar winner and local resident, organized the first "Ballerina Ballroom Cinema of Dreams" film festival in the Nairn Public Hall in 2007. The festival and Nairn were featured in publications all around the world.
Nairn is also home to the annual Nairn Book & Arts festival, held at the Nairn Community & Arts Centre on the last weekend of September each year. Author Helen Sedgwick, journalist John Sergeant, and the Duchess of Cornwall were among the notable visitors. There have been readings of poetry by local legend Olive Fraser, as well as performances by musicians and actors.
Scotland, UK Description
Scotland is the most northern of the UK's four constituent countries, occupying roughly one-third of the island. In the 5th century CE, Irish Celts settled on the west coast of Britain, naming it "Scotland." Scotland's name comes from the Latin Scotia, meaning "land of the Scots." Caledonia is a term frequently used to refer to Scotland, particularly in poetry. Caledonii was the Roman name for a tribe that lived in what is now northwest Scotland.
Scotland's harsh climate and extreme weather conditions have made it difficult for many generations to live there, but they have cherished it for its natural beauty and unique culture. During the Scottish Enlightenment, philosophers like Francis Hutcheson and Adam Smith forged important contributions to political and practical theories of progress. Scottish inventors, engineers, and businessmen like Alexander Graham Bell, James Watt, Andrew Carnegie, and John McAdam helped Scotland's influence far beyond its borders.
Scotland-England relations have been strained since the two countries united in 1707 to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Despite heavy English influence, Scotland has long maintained its independence, clinging to historical fact and legend to preserve national identity and the Scots dialect of English.
Geographical Description of Scotland
The Aegean, Atlantic, North, and English Channels border Scotland's southern, western, and northern borders, as well as its eastern border. The west coast is dotted with large islands ranging in size from small rocks to the massive Lewis and Harris, Skye, and Mull landmasses (sea lochs or fjords). Orkney and Shetland islands are located north of Scotland. 274 miles (441 kilometers) from Cape Wrath to the Mull of Galloway, and 154 miles wide from Applecross in the western Highlands to Buchan Ness in the eastern Grampians. Scotland's mainland has two halves: north and south (248 km). With only 30 miles of land separating the Firth of Clyde and the Firth of Forth, Scotland's two major estuarine inlets on its west and east coasts, from the sea, the vast majority of places are within 40 to 50 miles (65 to 80 kilometers) of the sea.
The Highlands are in the north, the Midland Valley (Central Lowlands) is in the middle, and the Southern Uplands are in the south. (The latter two are part of the Lowlands cultural region, which includes the former two.) Low-lying areas run the length of the Midland Valley and the US east coast. The east coast's smoother outline contrasts with the west coast's rugged outline, resulting in a topographic as well as a north-south divide. The Glen Mor (Glen Albyn) fault line separates the Highlands from the rest of the country. To the north of Glen Mor is an ancient plateau eroded into a series of peaks of similar height separated by glens carved by glaciers (valleys). The Lewisian Complex rocks have been worn down by severe glaciation to form a hummocky landscape punctuated by small lochs and protruding rocks from thin, acidic soil. The magnificent Torridonian sandstone mountains have weathered into sheer cliffs, rock terraces, and pinnacles.
The Grampian Mountains are located southeast of Glen Mor, though there are intrusions such as the Cairngorm Mountains' granitic masses. The Grampians are less rocky and rugged than the Northwest Mountains, being more rounded and grassy, with larger plateau areas. The area has some of Britain's highest mountains, including Ben Nevis (4,406 feet), which has cliffs and pinnacles that make climbing difficult (1,343 metres). Rannoch Moor, a desolate expanse of bogs and granitic rocks punctuated by narrow, deep lochs such as Rannoch and Ericht, is the most striking example (Rannoch Moor is the most striking of these). The Highland Boundary Fault runs northeast-southwest from Stonehaven, just south of Aberdeen, to Helensburgh on the River Clyde, passing through Loch Lomond, Scotland's largest freshwater body. The southern boundary of the Midland Valley is divided by a fault that runs from northeast to southwest, beginning with the Lammermuir and Moorfoot hills. It's misleading to call this part of Scotland the Lowlands because, while it's low compared to other parts of Scotland, it's not flat. Volcanic hills like the Sidlaws, Ochils, Campsies, and Pentlands dominate the landscape (579 metres). The Southern Uplands are not as high as the Highlands. Glaciation has created narrow, flat valleys that divide rolling mountains into sections. The gently sloping, grassy, and rounded hills just east of Nithsdale open up into fertile Merse farming land to the south. With time, the landscape west of Nithsdale becomes more rugged, with granitic intrusions around Loch Doon, and the soil becomes more peaty and wet. Merrick's high moorlands and hills can support a sheep farm at 2,766 feet (843 metres) above sea level. The uplands slope down to the Solway Firth's coastal plains in the south and the machair and Mull of Galloway in the west.
The Economy of Scotland
As a result of the problems that plagued many European countries during the 1970s and 1980s, including the widespread failure of heavy industries, Scotland's economy suffered greatly during this period. Unemployment became a significant issue, particularly in areas where major industries were in decline at the same time. A variety of measures were implemented by successive governments to improve the situation. Because of the extraction of North Sea oil and natural gas, as well as the development of high-technology industries and other economic sectors, Scotland's economy began to prosper during the 1980s.
Scotland's economy remains small but open, accounting for approximately 5% of the total export revenue of the United Kingdom. Aside from London and the eastern regions of England, no other region in the United Kingdom has a higher gross domestic product (GDP) per capita than the West Midlands, and its unemployment rate is relatively low. To be sure, wealth distribution in Scotland is not evenly distributed, and the average unemployment rate conceals pockets of significantly higher unemployment in specific regions and localities. Scottish economic development, education, and training are all overseen by the Scottish Parliament, despite the fact that the British government has control over macroeconomic policy in the country. This includes central government spending, interest rates, and monetary policy in Scotland.