Fife Post Codes & Zip Codes List
MAPS & LOCATION
Fife is a council area, historic county, registration county, and lieutenancy area in Scotland. It is located between the Firths of Tay and Forth and shares its interior boundaries with the counties of Perth and Kinross (the former counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire) and Clackmannanshire. Fife is still commonly referred to as the Kingdom of Fife within Scotland, and it is widely believed to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib. A native or resident of the Scottish region of Fife is commonly referred to as a "Fifer." Fifeshire is an anglicization that appears very rarely in older documents.
To put it simply, Fife has more people living in it than any other single local authority area in all of Scotland. Dunfermline, Kirkcaldy, and Glenrothes are home to more than a third of the region's 367,000 residents.
Fife's northeast coast is home to the historic town of St. Andrews. St. Andrews is most famous as the home of the University of St. Andrews, the oldest university in Scotland and one of the oldest in the world. St. Andrews Cathedral, seat of the Primate of Scotland since the 10th century, made the city the center of the former Archdiocese of St. Andrews in the 15th century. St. Andrews is well-known as the birthplace of golf and for other reasons.
Eastern Scotland's Firth of Forth forms its southern boundary, while the Firth of Tay forms its northern boundary. The Ochil Hills are a massive mountain range that partially blocks off the western route. All but northbound M90 traffic must use one of four bridges to enter or exit Fife: the Forth Road Bridge (public transportation and cyclists only), the Queensferry Crossing, the Kincardine Bridge, or the Tay Road Bridge. On February 11, 2008, tolls were removed from both the Tay Road Bridge and the Forth Road Bridge.
The Lomond Hills, which rise above flat farmland, and Largo Law, a volcanic plug in the east, are both extinct volcanic features. The West Lomond is the tallest mountain in Fife, standing at a lofty 1,713 feet (522 meters). Anstruther, Rosyth, and Pittenweem are just a few of the East Neuk fishing villages that boast fine but small harbors. The Howe of Fife is the name given to the large, flat area of land to the north of the Lomond Hills through which the River Eden winds.
It's primarily agricultural land to the north of the Lomond Hills, where you can find a few small towns and villages. Dunfermline, Glenrothes, Kirkcaldy, and the Levenmouth area are located in the south and west of Fife and are more populous and have a lighter industrial footprint. Rosyth, the surrounding naval dockyard, and possibly the Mossmorran Natural Gas Liquids fractionation plant on the outskirts of Cowdenbeath are the only places that could be considered heavily industrial.
Small villages clustered around sheltered harbors, with distinctive vernacular "Dutch" or corbie (crow) stepped gabled and stone-built architecture, characterize the East Neuk (corner, or projecting point of land) of Fife and the surrounding area, which stretches from Earlsferry to Kingsbarns. There is a large number of vacation homes and short-term rentals in the area, even by Scottish standards. Since the majority of the fishing fleet has relocated to Pittenweem and the harbor in Anstruther is now used as a marina for pleasure craft, the economic foundations upon which the coastal East Neuk communities were built have eroded.
The Isle of May, Inchkeith, and Inchcolm are just a few of the islands that can be found in the Fife area. Land reclamation efforts have transformed what was once Preston Island into the mainland south of Valleyfield.
There are 4,961 historic sites and 48 protected areas in the Kingdom of Fife.
Falkland Palace, Kellie Castle, Dunfermline Palace, St. Andrews Castle, Culross Palace, and Ravenscraig Castle in Kirkcaldy are just a few examples of notable domestic landmarks. Additionally, there are several important religious landmarks in Fife. St. Andrew's Cathedral hosted the influential Archbishopric of St. Andrews and later became a hub of the Scottish Reformation, while Dunfermline Abbey served as the final resting place for several Scottish kings. It was the Cistercians who established the abbeys at Balmerino and Culross in the 13th century, while the Tironensians established Lindores Abbey outside Newburgh a century earlier.
Cultural celebrations of national significance include the Stanza Poetry Festival, East Neuk Festival, and Pittenweem Arts Festival. There are also a lot of smaller festivals, like the Cupar Arts Festival. The Adam Smith Theatre in Kirkcaldy, which is also the home of the grand opera company Fife Opera, and the Byre Theatre in St. Andrews are both renowned performance spaces that host visiting artists. Following its 2012 closure due to financial difficulties, The Byre reopened in the fall of 2014.
Scotland, UK Description
Scotland is the most northern of the UK's four constituent countries, occupying roughly one-third of the island. In the 5th century CE, Irish Celts settled on the west coast of Britain, naming it "Scotland." Scotland's name comes from the Latin Scotia, meaning "land of the Scots." Caledonia is a term frequently used to refer to Scotland, particularly in poetry. Caledonii was the Roman name for a tribe that lived in what is now northwest Scotland.
Scotland's harsh climate and extreme weather conditions have made it difficult for many generations to live there, but they have cherished it for its natural beauty and unique culture. During the Scottish Enlightenment, philosophers like Francis Hutcheson and Adam Smith forged important contributions to political and practical theories of progress. Scottish inventors, engineers, and businessmen like Alexander Graham Bell, James Watt, Andrew Carnegie, and John McAdam helped Scotland's influence far beyond its borders.
Scotland-England relations have been strained since the two countries united in 1707 to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Despite heavy English influence, Scotland has long maintained its independence, clinging to historical fact and legend to preserve national identity and the Scots dialect of English.
Geographical Description of Scotland
The Aegean, Atlantic, North, and English Channels border Scotland's southern, western, and northern borders, as well as its eastern border. The west coast is dotted with large islands ranging in size from small rocks to the massive Lewis and Harris, Skye, and Mull landmasses (sea lochs or fjords). Orkney and Shetland islands are located north of Scotland. 274 miles (441 kilometers) from Cape Wrath to the Mull of Galloway, and 154 miles wide from Applecross in the western Highlands to Buchan Ness in the eastern Grampians. Scotland's mainland has two halves: north and south (248 km). With only 30 miles of land separating the Firth of Clyde and the Firth of Forth, Scotland's two major estuarine inlets on its west and east coasts, from the sea, the vast majority of places are within 40 to 50 miles (65 to 80 kilometers) of the sea.
The Highlands are in the north, the Midland Valley (Central Lowlands) is in the middle, and the Southern Uplands are in the south. (The latter two are part of the Lowlands cultural region, which includes the former two.) Low-lying areas run the length of the Midland Valley and the US east coast. The east coast's smoother outline contrasts with the west coast's rugged outline, resulting in a topographic as well as a north-south divide. The Glen Mor (Glen Albyn) fault line separates the Highlands from the rest of the country. To the north of Glen Mor is an ancient plateau eroded into a series of peaks of similar height separated by glens carved by glaciers (valleys). The Lewisian Complex rocks have been worn down by severe glaciation to form a hummocky landscape punctuated by small lochs and protruding rocks from thin, acidic soil. The magnificent Torridonian sandstone mountains have weathered into sheer cliffs, rock terraces, and pinnacles.
The Grampian Mountains are located southeast of Glen Mor, though there are intrusions such as the Cairngorm Mountains' granitic masses. The Grampians are less rocky and rugged than the Northwest Mountains, being more rounded and grassy, with larger plateau areas. The area has some of Britain's highest mountains, including Ben Nevis (4,406 feet), which has cliffs and pinnacles that make climbing difficult (1,343 metres). Rannoch Moor, a desolate expanse of bogs and granitic rocks punctuated by narrow, deep lochs such as Rannoch and Ericht, is the most striking example (Rannoch Moor is the most striking of these). The Highland Boundary Fault runs northeast-southwest from Stonehaven, just south of Aberdeen, to Helensburgh on the River Clyde, passing through Loch Lomond, Scotland's largest freshwater body. The southern boundary of the Midland Valley is divided by a fault that runs from northeast to southwest, beginning with the Lammermuir and Moorfoot hills. It's misleading to call this part of Scotland the Lowlands because, while it's low compared to other parts of Scotland, it's not flat. Volcanic hills like the Sidlaws, Ochils, Campsies, and Pentlands dominate the landscape (579 metres). The Southern Uplands are not as high as the Highlands. Glaciation has created narrow, flat valleys that divide rolling mountains into sections. The gently sloping, grassy, and rounded hills just east of Nithsdale open up into fertile Merse farming land to the south. With time, the landscape west of Nithsdale becomes more rugged, with granitic intrusions around Loch Doon, and the soil becomes more peaty and wet. Merrick's high moorlands and hills can support a sheep farm at 2,766 feet (843 metres) above sea level. The uplands slope down to the Solway Firth's coastal plains in the south and the machair and Mull of Galloway in the west.
The Economy of Scotland
As a result of the problems that plagued many European countries during the 1970s and 1980s, including the widespread failure of heavy industries, Scotland's economy suffered greatly during this period. Unemployment became a significant issue, particularly in areas where major industries were in decline at the same time. A variety of measures were implemented by successive governments to improve the situation. Because of the extraction of North Sea oil and natural gas, as well as the development of high-technology industries and other economic sectors, Scotland's economy began to prosper during the 1980s.
Scotland's economy remains small but open, accounting for approximately 5% of the total export revenue of the United Kingdom. Aside from London and the eastern regions of England, no other region in the United Kingdom has a higher gross domestic product (GDP) per capita than the West Midlands, and its unemployment rate is relatively low. To be sure, wealth distribution in Scotland is not evenly distributed, and the average unemployment rate conceals pockets of significantly higher unemployment in specific regions and localities. Scottish economic development, education, and training are all overseen by the Scottish Parliament, despite the fact that the British government has control over macroeconomic policy in the country. This includes central government spending, interest rates, and monetary policy in Scotland.