West Sussex Post Codes & Zip Codes List
MAPS & LOCATION
The county of West Sussex is located in southeast England, right on the coast of the English Channel. Adur, Arun, Chichester, Horsham, and Mid Sussex, along with the cities of Crawley and Worthing, make up the shire districts that make up the ceremonial county of Sussex. West Sussex, which encompasses a total area of about 2,000 square kilometers (7,600 square miles), is bounded to the west by Hampshire, to the north by Surrey, and to the east by East Sussex. Located in the southwestern corner of West Sussex, Chichester serves as both the county seat and the county's lone city. Despite being part of the ceremonial County of Sussex, this became official with the creation of West Sussex County Council in 1889. The ceremonial role of the medieval county of Sussex was split between West Sussex and East Sussex following the reorganization of local administration in 1974. East Sussex and West Sussex took over, with East Sussex handing up Mid Sussex and a portion of Crawley to West Sussex. It was estimated that 806,900 people live in West Sussex in 2011.
Humans have been living in this county since the Lower Paleolithic period. After defeating the local Britons, the Romans made West Sussex part of their empire. In 477, the Saxons established a kingdom there called Sussex, which lasted until c. 827, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Wessex.
The landscape of West Sussex varies from wealden to downland to coastline. At 280 meters, Blackdown is the county's highest peak (919 ft). There are many beautiful manor houses and castles in the area, including Goodwood, Petworth House, Uppark, and Arundel Castle and Bramber Castle. Half of the county is designated as a conservation area, perfect for hiking, biking, and other outdoor pursuits.
Geography of West Sussex
The counties of Hampshire and Surrey lie to the west, while East Sussex is to the north. To the south is the English Channel. The Weald-Artois Anticline, of which this region is a part, is composed of the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous rock layers that have been folded and thrust into place. The Weald in Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, located toward the ridge's eastern end, has been severely eroded, exposing older Lower Cretaceous rocks of the Wealden Group. Blackdown, the county's highest point, is located in the Lower Greensand ridges that run parallel to the boundary with Surrey and get progressively older as you move north in West Sussex. Softer sand and clay layers have been eroded away, leaving a north-facing scarp slope of the chalk that runs east to west across the entire county, interrupted only by the valleys of the Rivers Arun and Adur. A winterbourne, the River Lavant, flows sporadically from springs on the dip slope of the chalk downs north of Chichester, joining the Arun and Adur to drain the county.
At 1.52 percent of England's total land area, the county ranks as the country's 30th largest.
Climate of West Sussex
According to data from the Met Office, West Sussex is the sunniest region in the entire United Kingdom. Between 1981 and 2011, there was an average of 1902 annual sunlight hours. Bognor Regis regularly has the highest sunshine totals on mainland England, with 2237 hours recorded that year. For the southern coastal counties, the average yearly temperature is close to 11 degrees Celsius. In January, when temperatures are at their lowest, the average low during the day is only 3 degrees Celsius, closer to the coast, and even lower inland. Mean daily maxima in July often hover around 20 °C, making it the hottest month of the year. On June 26, 1976, North Heath, Pulborough reached a high of 35.4 degrees Celsius. Sea breezes may be quite refreshing, especially when combined with the milder temperatures found near the coast.
Most of the year's precipitation falls between October and March, with July often being the driest month. It doesn't rain as much during summer convective showers and thunderstorms as it does inland. Localized flooding due to excessive rainfall, and water shortages due to extended periods of below-average rainfall, are both possible in the county. The majority of the water supply comes from underground chalk aquifers, which can only be replenished by rain in the winter.
England, UK Description
England is the UK's largest constituent unit, occupying more than half of the island. Despite its political, economic, and cultural legacy, England is no longer a governmental or political unit.
With its rich soil and crisscrossing network of rivers and streams, England has been and remains a thriving agricultural economy. England became the epicenter of the global Industrial Revolution in the early 1800s, quickly rising to the top of the global industrialization rankings. Manufacturing industries in Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool turned raw materials into finished goods for export. London, the country's capital, became one of the world's most important cities, a hub for a global political economy. The London metropolitan area continues to be Europe's financial center and a hotbed of innovation, particularly in the fields of popular culture.
One of the most fundamental features of the English language is its diversity within a limited compass. Even England's most remote regions are accessible by car or train within a day's drive or train ride of London. Many English people identify with the regions or shires from which they are descended—for example, Yorkshire, the West Country, or the Midlands—and maintain strong ties to those regions even if they live in other parts of the country. Some differences exist, but many more, especially as England transitioned from a rural to an urban society, began to fade after 1945. The country's island location has shaped the English character, which values social harmony, social harmony, and good manners that ensure orderly relations in a densely populated landscape, among other characteristics.
During the dismantling of Britain's vast overseas empire in the mid-20th century, England suffered an identity crisis, and much attention has been paid to discussions of "Englishness"—that is, what it means to be English in a country that now has large immigrant populations from many former colonies and is far more cosmopolitan than insular. Although influenced by other cultures, English culture is distinct and difficult to define. The Lion and the Unicorn by George Orwell, a self-described "revolutionary patriot" who chronicled politics and society in the 1930s and 1940s, makes this observation.
Geographical Description of England
Except for Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire in the east, England's topography is low-lying but rarely flat. The area has many rolling hillsides, with the highest elevations in the north, north-west, and southwest. Intricate underlying structures have resulted in intricate patterns in the landscape. The oldest sedimentary rocks and some igneous rocks (found in isolated granite hills) are found in Cornwall and Devon, while the most recent alluvial soils are found in the Fens of Cambridgeshire, Lincolnshire, and Norfolk. Both the sandstone and limestone bands that separate these two regions date from prehistoric times when large sections of central and southern England were submerged under warm seas. Geological forces lifted and folded some of these rocks, forming northern England's spine. Scafell Pike, England's highest point, stands at 3,210 feet (978 metres) and is part of the world's highest mountain range. The northern mountains are mostly slate, while the southern mountains are mostly lava flows. Mountain ranges have developed from the North Downs at 965 feet (294 meters) to the Cotswolds at 1,083 feet (330 meters).
The Chiltern Hills, North Yorkshire Moors, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds, and Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds were rounded into distinctive plateaus with west-facing escarpments during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). A land bridge connecting Britain to the rest of Europe was engulfed as the last glacial sheet melted. The retreating glaciers left behind gravel, sand, and glacial mud, further altering the land surface. Rain, rivers, and tides, as well as subsidence, have shaped the hills and coastline of eastern England. Limestone, gritstone, and carboniferous strata plateaus are associated with major coalfields, some visible as surface outcrops.
A great example of England's geologic complexity is its cliff structure. The chalk cliffs of Dover are made up of a series of sedimentary rocks of varying ages that start at Land's End in the far southwest and end at the Isle of Wight. The English coastline is dotted with cliffs, bays, and river estuaries that add to the overall beauty of the landscape.
England's weather is as varied as its topography. The average temperature in England, like other temperate maritime zones, is moderate, ranging from around 35 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) in January to 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) in July in the Thames river valley (32 degrees Celsius). Tacitus, the Roman historian, described it as "unpleasant" with "frequent rains and mists but no extreme cold." However, the higher elevations of England receive snow for roughly 50 days out of the year. In fact, the northwest and southwest of England are particularly "wet". These areas receive less than 30 inches (750 mm) of rain per year and are frequently subject to severe drought. Rainfall averages only 20 inches in parts of the southeast (500 mm). The weather has influenced English art and literature not only seasonally but also day-to-day and even hour-to-hour. The bumbershoot's moniker as the stereotypical English gentleman's walking stick is not accidental.
The Economy of England
In the 18th and 19th centuries, England's economy was primarily agricultural until the Industrial Revolution transformed it into a highly urbanized and industrialized region as a result of the Industrial Revolution. A result of the close proximity of coal and iron ore deposits, heavy industries (iron and steel, textiles, and shipbuilding) sprang up in the north-eastern counties, and they continue to thrive today. During the 1930s, the Great Depression and foreign competition both contributed to a decline in manufactured goods production and an increase in unemployment in the industrial north, which contributed to the Great Depression. Residents of these northern counties who were out of work were forced to relocate south to London and its environs. Because of urbanization and industrialization, the southeast has become dominated by industries such as automotive, chemical, electrical, and machine tool manufacturing. Despite the fact that population growth and urbanization significantly reduced farmland in England during the twentieth century, the geographical counties of Cornwall, Devon, Kent, Lincolnshire, Somerset, and North Yorkshire have retained a significant proportion of their agricultural land.
Another period of industrial decline occurred in the late twentieth century, during which coal mining was virtually phased out and job losses in industries such as iron and steel production, shipbuilding, and textile manufacturing were particularly severe. The decline of these industries had a disproportionately negative impact on the economies of the north and the Midlands, while the economies of the south remained relatively prosperous. By the turn of the twenty-first century, the service sector had taken over as the dominant sector of the English economy, with banking and other financial services, retail, distribution, media and entertainment, education, health care, and hotels and restaurants among the leading sectors.