Rutland Post Codes & Zip Codes List
MAPS & LOCATION
Located in the heart of England's East Midlands, Rutland is both a ceremonial county and a unitary authority. Leicestershire lies to its west and north, Lincolnshire to its northeast, and Northamptonshire to its southeast.
Only 18 miles (29 km) in length from north to south, and 17 miles (27 km) in width from east to west are its maximum dimensions. It ranks as the UK's fourth-smallest historic county and the smallest in England. As a result, in 1950, the county council chose the Latin motto Multum in Parvo, which means "much in little." Compared to other conventional unitary authorities in England, it has the smallest population. The Isle of Wight, the City of London, and the City of Bristol are the three smallest contemporary ceremonial counties. Also smaller in size was the county of London, which existed from 1889 until 1965. From a population standpoint, it ranks a lowly 323rd out of 326 boroughs.
Oakham, the county town, and Uppingham are the only two incorporated towns in Rutland. Rutland Water, a vast manmade reservoir in the county's middle, is a significant nature reserve that provides a safe haven for migrating wildfowl and a breeding ground for ospreys.
Older cottages in Rutland are often constructed of limestone or ironstone, and their roofs are typically made of Collyweston stone slate or thatch.
Geography of Rutland
The Rutland Formation, so named for the local geology, is made up of muds and sand deposited by rivers and occurs in alternating bands of color, each of which is rich in fossil shells. A layer of filthy white sand and silt can be found near the base of the Rutland Formation. The Lincolnshire limestone can be found beneath the Rutland Formation. The Ketton Cement Works quarry, located on the outskirts of town, provides excellent exposure of this limestone (as well as the Rutland Formation).
Rutland Water, originally known as Empingham Reservoir, is a massive manmade lake in the center of the county, practically dividing it in half together with the Hambleton Peninsula. The western portion lies within Catmose's Vale. In 1971, work began on what would become Europe's largest artificial lake, Rutland Water. The lake was filled and opened to the public in 1975. The residents of Rutland have chosen this as their favorite landmark.
Located on the county's western border, Cold Overton Park (formerly a part of Flitteriss Park) boasts the greatest elevation at 197 meters (646 feet) above sea level. North Lodge Farm, northeast of Belmesthorpe, is the lowest point in the county at just 17 m (56 ft) above sea level; this part of the county is on the edge of The Fens and is drained by the West Glen.
Economy of Rutland
Out of Rutland's estimated 17,000 working-age residents, 30.8% are employed in public administration, education, and health services; 29.7% work in distribution, hotels, and restaurants; and 16.5% work in manufacturing. Lands' End, located in nearby Oakham, and the Ketton Cement Works are also major employers in the area. Besides the University of Leicester, the city of Oakham, the city of Uppingham, and the jail of Stocken all employ people in Rutland for the Ministry of Defense. After a riot and government review forced the closure of Ashwell Prison at the end of March 2011, Rutland County Council purchased the property and is now developing it into Oakham Enterprise Park. When the quarries in the county that supplied iron ore to the Corby steel industry collapsed in the 1960s and 1970s, the large walking dragline at the Exton quarries, known as "Sundew," made headlines as it walked from Exton to Corby. Plenty of wheat is grown on the fertile land. The travel industry is expanding rapidly.
When it closed in 1997, the Ruddles Brewery was the city of Langham's largest employer. Thanks to an application by Ruddles, Rutland bitter is now one of just three beers in the United Kingdom to get PGI protection. Ruddles' former owners, Greene King, were unable to make use of the registration because they had already closed the Langham brewery. However, in 2010, Grainstore Brewery of Oakham introduced Rutland Bitter.
As one of the least economically depressed places in England, it ranks 348th out of 354.
Rutland became the fourth Fairtrade County in the United Kingdom in March 2007.
England, UK Description
England is the UK's largest constituent unit, occupying more than half of the island. Despite its political, economic, and cultural legacy, England is no longer a governmental or political unit.
With its rich soil and crisscrossing network of rivers and streams, England has been and remains a thriving agricultural economy. England became the epicenter of the global Industrial Revolution in the early 1800s, quickly rising to the top of the global industrialization rankings. Manufacturing industries in Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool turned raw materials into finished goods for export. London, the country's capital, became one of the world's most important cities, a hub for a global political economy. The London metropolitan area continues to be Europe's financial center and a hotbed of innovation, particularly in the fields of popular culture.
One of the most fundamental features of the English language is its diversity within a limited compass. Even England's most remote regions are accessible by car or train within a day's drive or train ride of London. Many English people identify with the regions or shires from which they are descended—for example, Yorkshire, the West Country, or the Midlands—and maintain strong ties to those regions even if they live in other parts of the country. Some differences exist, but many more, especially as England transitioned from a rural to an urban society, began to fade after 1945. The country's island location has shaped the English character, which values social harmony, social harmony, and good manners that ensure orderly relations in a densely populated landscape, among other characteristics.
During the dismantling of Britain's vast overseas empire in the mid-20th century, England suffered an identity crisis, and much attention has been paid to discussions of "Englishness"—that is, what it means to be English in a country that now has large immigrant populations from many former colonies and is far more cosmopolitan than insular. Although influenced by other cultures, English culture is distinct and difficult to define. The Lion and the Unicorn by George Orwell, a self-described "revolutionary patriot" who chronicled politics and society in the 1930s and 1940s, makes this observation.
Geographical Description of England
Except for Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire in the east, England's topography is low-lying but rarely flat. The area has many rolling hillsides, with the highest elevations in the north, north-west, and southwest. Intricate underlying structures have resulted in intricate patterns in the landscape. The oldest sedimentary rocks and some igneous rocks (found in isolated granite hills) are found in Cornwall and Devon, while the most recent alluvial soils are found in the Fens of Cambridgeshire, Lincolnshire, and Norfolk. Both the sandstone and limestone bands that separate these two regions date from prehistoric times when large sections of central and southern England were submerged under warm seas. Geological forces lifted and folded some of these rocks, forming northern England's spine. Scafell Pike, England's highest point, stands at 3,210 feet (978 metres) and is part of the world's highest mountain range. The northern mountains are mostly slate, while the southern mountains are mostly lava flows. Mountain ranges have developed from the North Downs at 965 feet (294 meters) to the Cotswolds at 1,083 feet (330 meters).
The Chiltern Hills, North Yorkshire Moors, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds, and Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds were rounded into distinctive plateaus with west-facing escarpments during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). A land bridge connecting Britain to the rest of Europe was engulfed as the last glacial sheet melted. The retreating glaciers left behind gravel, sand, and glacial mud, further altering the land surface. Rain, rivers, and tides, as well as subsidence, have shaped the hills and coastline of eastern England. Limestone, gritstone, and carboniferous strata plateaus are associated with major coalfields, some visible as surface outcrops.
A great example of England's geologic complexity is its cliff structure. The chalk cliffs of Dover are made up of a series of sedimentary rocks of varying ages that start at Land's End in the far southwest and end at the Isle of Wight. The English coastline is dotted with cliffs, bays, and river estuaries that add to the overall beauty of the landscape.
England's weather is as varied as its topography. The average temperature in England, like other temperate maritime zones, is moderate, ranging from around 35 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) in January to 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) in July in the Thames river valley (32 degrees Celsius). Tacitus, the Roman historian, described it as "unpleasant" with "frequent rains and mists but no extreme cold." However, the higher elevations of England receive snow for roughly 50 days out of the year. In fact, the northwest and southwest of England are particularly "wet". These areas receive less than 30 inches (750 mm) of rain per year and are frequently subject to severe drought. Rainfall averages only 20 inches in parts of the southeast (500 mm). The weather has influenced English art and literature not only seasonally but also day-to-day and even hour-to-hour. The bumbershoot's moniker as the stereotypical English gentleman's walking stick is not accidental.
The Economy of England
In the 18th and 19th centuries, England's economy was primarily agricultural until the Industrial Revolution transformed it into a highly urbanized and industrialized region as a result of the Industrial Revolution. A result of the close proximity of coal and iron ore deposits, heavy industries (iron and steel, textiles, and shipbuilding) sprang up in the north-eastern counties, and they continue to thrive today. During the 1930s, the Great Depression and foreign competition both contributed to a decline in manufactured goods production and an increase in unemployment in the industrial north, which contributed to the Great Depression. Residents of these northern counties who were out of work were forced to relocate south to London and its environs. Because of urbanization and industrialization, the southeast has become dominated by industries such as automotive, chemical, electrical, and machine tool manufacturing. Despite the fact that population growth and urbanization significantly reduced farmland in England during the twentieth century, the geographical counties of Cornwall, Devon, Kent, Lincolnshire, Somerset, and North Yorkshire have retained a significant proportion of their agricultural land.
Another period of industrial decline occurred in the late twentieth century, during which coal mining was virtually phased out and job losses in industries such as iron and steel production, shipbuilding, and textile manufacturing were particularly severe. The decline of these industries had a disproportionately negative impact on the economies of the north and the Midlands, while the economies of the south remained relatively prosperous. By the turn of the twenty-first century, the service sector had taken over as the dominant sector of the English economy, with banking and other financial services, retail, distribution, media and entertainment, education, health care, and hotels and restaurants among the leading sectors.