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North Yorkshire

In terms of land area, North Yorkshire's 9,020 square kilometers make it the largest ceremonial county (lieutenancy area) in England (3,480 sq mi). The Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors, which together make up the majority of the county's total area, are both protected as national parks. East Riding of Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, and West Yorkshire are the other three counties in England with the name Yorkshire. Similarly, North Yorkshire is not a metropolitan county because of its large size (8,037 sq. km) (3,103 sq mi).

The City of York and the northern parts of the ceremonial county are not included in the non-metropolitan county managed by North Yorkshire County Council.

The majority of the county is included in the Yorkshire and the Humber region, but the northern portion is included in the North East England region.

Despite being managed by North Yorkshire County Council, the built-up areas of both Middlesbrough (with 174,700) and York (with 152,841) are considered separate settlements. The county council area has an estimated mid-2016 population of 602,300, according to the ONS. Harrogate, with a population of 75,070, is the administrative county seat and third most populated settlement in the ceremonial county (at 61,749). As the county seat, Northallerton has a population of 16,832. The cities of Redcar, Thornaby-on-Tees, Ingleby Barwick, Ripon, Knaresborough, Selby, and Skipton are also significant in the county.

Geography of North Yorkshire

North Yorkshire's scenery is a faithful reflection of the region's underlying geology. The North York Moors and much of the Yorkshire Dales are located inside the county, making it home to two of the eleven national parks in England and Wales. The Vales of Mowbray and York can be found between the North York Moors and the Pennine Hills. Towards the north are the Tees Lowlands and the Vale of Pickering, while the North York Moors are to the south. The coast of the North Sea forms its eastern border. Whernside, on the Cumbrian border, is the region's highest point, standing at 736 meters (2,415 ft).

The Swale and the Ure are the two largest rivers in the area. It is the confluence of the Swale and the Ure that gives rise to the River Ouse, which ultimately empties into the Humber Estuary at York. From its source in upper Teesdale, the River Tees runs south through Stockton-on-Tees and Middlesbrough before reaching the coast. This section of the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham is a natural feature of the landscape. Much of the county's southern boundary is made up by the River Wharfe, which also drains into the River Ouse.

Economy of North Yorkshire

Around 85% of North Yorkshire is classified as "rural or ultra sparse," making agriculture the dominant economic driver in many regions.

In 2019, some people also worked in forestry and fishing, while 19% of all occupations were in the service industry (mainly catering to tourists). Food production accounted for 11% of all jobs. Weekly salaries averaged £531 in 2018. A significant portion of the labor force (15%) identified themselves as independent contractors. According to a research from late in the year 2020, "North Yorkshire has a generally healthy and diverse economy which basically resembles the national picture in terms of productivity and jobs."

High technology is just one part of the economy, which also includes mineral exploration and electricity generation.

The tourism industry makes a considerable impact on national GDP. The Borough of Scarborough, which includes Filey, Whitby, and some of the North York Moors National Park, saw an average of 1.4 million annual visitors between 2013 and 2015, according to a review of visitor data. National Park Service data from 2016 shows even more outstanding figures: 7.93 million visitors bring in £647 million and support 10,900 full-time equivalent jobs in the park region.

Many people have also traveled to Yorkshire to see the Dales. There were 3.8 million people that went to the National Park in 2016, and 0.48 million of them stayed overnight. According to the Parks Department, this generated £252 million for the economy and supported 3,583 FTE jobs. More than 9.7 million tourists spent over £644 million in the Yorkshire Dales region. A couple of the most well-known places in all of England are the North York Moors and the Yorkshire Dales. 

North Yorkshire County Council runs numerous, smaller tourist information centers in outlying locations.

The importance of nature, or eco-tourism, has grown significantly in recent years. Some regions draw visitors not just for their hiking opportunities, but also for their wildlife, a component that has not yet been properly established. The Herriot Country Tourism Group is another organization doing its part to boost tourism in the area; they serve not just Thirsk, Northallerton, Easingwold, Great Ayton, and Bedale, but also the North York Moors and the Yorkshire Dales. 

York and Harrogate, both rich in history, are among the most popular places to visit in the region.

Visitors to York are in the millions, and a small percentage of them may be swayed to explore North Yorkshire beyond York. According to a study published in 2014 that used data from 2012, the city of York alone sees 6.9 million annual visitors, who together inject £564 million into the local economy and sustain well over 19,000. According to a 2017 poll by Condé Nast Traveller readers, York is the 12th best city in the UK. Condé Nast Traveler ranked York as number six out of ten "urban hotspots [in the UK] that got the greatest scores when it came to... nightlife, restaurants, and friendliness" in their 2020 edition. 

The average price of a home sold in North Yorkshire County for the 12 months from February 2020 to January 2021 was £240,000, an increase of £8,100 over the previous 12 months. When compared to the average of England and Wales, which was £314,000, this figure seems quite high. Harrogate (average value: £376,195), Knaresborough (£375,625), Tadcaster (£314,278), Leyburn (£309,165), and Ripon (£299,998), for example, had higher than average house prices for the county as of early 2021.

 

England, UK Description

England is the UK's largest constituent unit, occupying more than half of the island. Despite its political, economic, and cultural legacy, England is no longer a governmental or political unit. 

With its rich soil and crisscrossing network of rivers and streams, England has been and remains a thriving agricultural economy. England became the epicenter of the global Industrial Revolution in the early 1800s, quickly rising to the top of the global industrialization rankings. Manufacturing industries in Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool turned raw materials into finished goods for export. London, the country's capital, became one of the world's most important cities, a hub for a global political economy. The London metropolitan area continues to be Europe's financial center and a hotbed of innovation, particularly in the fields of popular culture.

One of the most fundamental features of the English language is its diversity within a limited compass. Even England's most remote regions are accessible by car or train within a day's drive or train ride of London. Many English people identify with the regions or shires from which they are descended—for example, Yorkshire, the West Country, or the Midlands—and maintain strong ties to those regions even if they live in other parts of the country. Some differences exist, but many more, especially as England transitioned from a rural to an urban society, began to fade after 1945. The country's island location has shaped the English character, which values social harmony, social harmony, and good manners that ensure orderly relations in a densely populated landscape, among other characteristics.

During the dismantling of Britain's vast overseas empire in the mid-20th century, England suffered an identity crisis, and much attention has been paid to discussions of "Englishness"—that is, what it means to be English in a country that now has large immigrant populations from many former colonies and is far more cosmopolitan than insular. Although influenced by other cultures, English culture is distinct and difficult to define. The Lion and the Unicorn by George Orwell, a self-described "revolutionary patriot" who chronicled politics and society in the 1930s and 1940s, makes this observation. 

 

Geographical Description of England

Except for Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire in the east, England's topography is low-lying but rarely flat. The area has many rolling hillsides, with the highest elevations in the north, north-west, and southwest. Intricate underlying structures have resulted in intricate patterns in the landscape. The oldest sedimentary rocks and some igneous rocks (found in isolated granite hills) are found in Cornwall and Devon, while the most recent alluvial soils are found in the Fens of Cambridgeshire, Lincolnshire, and Norfolk. Both the sandstone and limestone bands that separate these two regions date from prehistoric times when large sections of central and southern England were submerged under warm seas. Geological forces lifted and folded some of these rocks, forming northern England's spine. Scafell Pike, England's highest point, stands at 3,210 feet (978 metres) and is part of the world's highest mountain range. The northern mountains are mostly slate, while the southern mountains are mostly lava flows. Mountain ranges have developed from the North Downs at 965 feet (294 meters) to the Cotswolds at 1,083 feet (330 meters).

The Chiltern Hills, North Yorkshire Moors, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds, and Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds were rounded into distinctive plateaus with west-facing escarpments during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). A land bridge connecting Britain to the rest of Europe was engulfed as the last glacial sheet melted. The retreating glaciers left behind gravel, sand, and glacial mud, further altering the land surface. Rain, rivers, and tides, as well as subsidence, have shaped the hills and coastline of eastern England. Limestone, gritstone, and carboniferous strata plateaus are associated with major coalfields, some visible as surface outcrops.

A great example of England's geologic complexity is its cliff structure. The chalk cliffs of Dover are made up of a series of sedimentary rocks of varying ages that start at Land's End in the far southwest and end at the Isle of Wight. The English coastline is dotted with cliffs, bays, and river estuaries that add to the overall beauty of the landscape. 

England's weather is as varied as its topography. The average temperature in England, like other temperate maritime zones, is moderate, ranging from around 35 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) in January to 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) in July in the Thames river valley (32 degrees Celsius). Tacitus, the Roman historian, described it as "unpleasant" with "frequent rains and mists but no extreme cold." However, the higher elevations of England receive snow for roughly 50 days out of the year. In fact, the northwest and southwest of England are particularly "wet". These areas receive less than 30 inches (750 mm) of rain per year and are frequently subject to severe drought. Rainfall averages only 20 inches in parts of the southeast (500 mm). The weather has influenced English art and literature not only seasonally but also day-to-day and even hour-to-hour. The bumbershoot's moniker as the stereotypical English gentleman's walking stick is not accidental.

 

The Economy of England

In the 18th and 19th centuries, England's economy was primarily agricultural until the Industrial Revolution transformed it into a highly urbanized and industrialized region as a result of the Industrial Revolution. A result of the close proximity of coal and iron ore deposits, heavy industries (iron and steel, textiles, and shipbuilding) sprang up in the north-eastern counties, and they continue to thrive today. During the 1930s, the Great Depression and foreign competition both contributed to a decline in manufactured goods production and an increase in unemployment in the industrial north, which contributed to the Great Depression. Residents of these northern counties who were out of work were forced to relocate south to London and its environs. Because of urbanization and industrialization, the southeast has become dominated by industries such as automotive, chemical, electrical, and machine tool manufacturing. Despite the fact that population growth and urbanization significantly reduced farmland in England during the twentieth century, the geographical counties of Cornwall, Devon, Kent, Lincolnshire, Somerset, and North Yorkshire have retained a significant proportion of their agricultural land.

Another period of industrial decline occurred in the late twentieth century, during which coal mining was virtually phased out and job losses in industries such as iron and steel production, shipbuilding, and textile manufacturing were particularly severe. The decline of these industries had a disproportionately negative impact on the economies of the north and the Midlands, while the economies of the south remained relatively prosperous. By the turn of the twenty-first century, the service sector had taken over as the dominant sector of the English economy, with banking and other financial services, retail, distribution, media and entertainment, education, health care, and hotels and restaurants among the leading sectors.


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