City or Place

Enniskillen, NIR - Postcode - BT74 4GX - Post Codes & Zip Codes List


City/Location/Ward Enniskillen
County/District/Region Fermanagh
States or Province or Territories Northern Ireland
States or Province or Territories Abbrieviation NIR
Postcode BT74 4GX


Item Description
Latitude 54.345
Longitude -7.6652



Enniskillen is located in Fermanagh

Description of Enniskillen

Enniskillen is the county seat and largest settlement in Northern Ireland's Fermanagh County. Located in the center of the county, it serves as a transition point between the Upper and Lower Lough Erne. As of the 2011 Census, its population was 13,823. The Maguires constructed Enniskillen Castle in the 15th century as a fortress, and it remained in their possession until the early 17th. During the time of the Plantation of Ulster, both the castle and town grew in size. It is the county town of Fermanagh and the previous site of the Fermanagh District Council.

Hugh (Maguire) the Hospitable, the founder of Enniskillen, erected the castle that bears his name before his death in 1428. The Skonce, an earthwork on the edge of Lough Erne, may be all that's left of a much older motte. The younger Maguire family lived at the castle. C Chonnacht Maguire constructed the original watergate in 1580, but it is now dry because the lough's water level has dropped. The castle's strategic location in 1593 made its capture crucial to the English intentions for the subjugation of Ulster. In 1594 and 1595, the castle was besieged three times. In February of 1594, under the command of Captain Dowdall, the English conquered it. Maguire then besieged it, eventually winning the Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits at Drumane Bridge on the Arney River against a relieving army. Although the defenders were temporarily calmed, Maguire took control of the castle from 1595 to 1598, and the English didn't take it until 1607.

The eventual capture of Enniskillen Castle in 1607 was part of a larger campaign to bring the province of Ulster under English rule; the Plantation of Ulster, in which the lands of the local Irish were seized and given over to planters loyal to the English Crown, followed. To replace the Maguires and establish an English colony, James I sent Devonshire-born William Cole.

With his appointment as Constable, Captain Cole fortified the castle wall and constructed a "fair house" on the site, making it the focal point of the county seat. In 1627, the hilltop was the site of the first Protestant parish church. The island has been home to the Royal Free School of Fermanagh since 1643. There were only temporary drawbridges at first; it wasn't until 1688 that permanent bridges were built.

When 1689 rolled around, the population of the town had skyrocketed. Williamite resistance in Ireland, including the nearby Battle of Newtownbutler, centered in and around Enniskillen and Derry during the war that followed King James II's overthrow by his Protestant rival, William III.

Climate of Enniskillen

Due to its proximity to the ocean, Enniskillen experiences a temperate maritime climate with relatively consistent temperatures and precipitation throughout the year.In July 2006, the temperature reached an all-time high of 29.8 degrees Celsius (85.6 degrees Fahrenheit). Maximum annual temperatures of 25.5 °C (77.9 °F) and 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) should be reached on no more than 2.4 days per year, respectively. The highest recorded temperature in St. Angelo is 29.4 degrees Celsius (84.9 degrees Fahrenheit).

It was 12.9 °C (8.8 °F) in January 1984, making that month the coldest ever recorded. The annual minimum temperature is predicted to drop to 8.2 °C (17.2 °F) on the coldest night. Annually, there are around 76 air frosts reported in Lough Navar. Most certainly, the main part of Enniskillen is a lot warmer than this. A record low of 14.5 degrees Celsius (5.9 degrees Fahrenheit) was recorded at St. Angelo in December 2010.December 2010 saw the lowest average temperature at St. Angelo, at 1.8 °C (28.8 °F)(mean maximum 2.9 °C (37.2 °F), mean minimum 5.9 °C (21.4 °F)), whereas August 1995 was the warmest month on record, with a mean temperature of 18.8 °C (65.8 °F).

Fermanagh County Post Code & Zip Code Category:


BT74 (...)


BT92 (...)


BT93 (...)


BT94 (...)


Description of Fermanagh

County Fermanagh is one of Ireland's 32 counties, Ulster's 9 counties, and Northern Ireland's 6 counties.

Enniskillen is the county seat and the main town in the county, with a population of 61,805 and an area of 1,691 km2 (653 sq mi) in 2011.

According to the most recent census (2011), Fermanagh is one of only four counties in all of Northern Ireland where Catholics make up a clear majority of the population.

Geography of Fermanagh

The County of Fermanagh can be found in the far southwest of Northern Ireland. It covers 1,851 square kilometers (715 square miles), or around 13% of Northern Ireland. Lakes and rivers, such as Upper and Lower Lough Erne and the River Erne, take up over a third of the county's total area. It is the only county in Northern Ireland that does not border Lough Neagh, and its 14% forest cover makes it the greenest.

Three major mountain ranges may be found in this county. Cuilcagh, the highest point in Fermanagh, is at 665 meters above sea level and is part of the Cuilcagh mountain range, which runs along the county's southern border. The Sliabh Beagh hills, located to the east on the Monaghan border, are another prominent geographical feature of Fermanagh.

Its jurisdictional confines are:The counties of Tyrone and Monaghan to the north, Cavan and Leitrim to the south, Donegal and Leitrim to the west, and Donegal and Leitrim to the north form its borders.

North of Lough Erne, you'll find the county's earliest deposits. Nearly 550 million years ago, these "red beds" were deposited. The eastern section of the county is largely composed of sandstone that was deposited 400 million years ago during the Devonian period. The majority of the county's sediments are Carboniferous shale and limestone, which formed between 354 and 298 Ma. The Shannon Cave, the Marble Arch Caves, and the Caves of the Tullybrack and Belmore Hills were all formed in areas with softer strata. Multiple counties in northwest Ireland, collectively called the Lough Allen basin, contain the carboniferous shale. 9.4 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, or 1.5 billion barrels of oil, are predicted to be present in the basin.

Killadeas-Seksinore Fault, Tempo-Sixmilecross Fault, Belcoo Fault, Clogher Valley Fault, and the Clogher Valley Fault, which cuts across Lough Erne, are the most notable of a series of prominent faults that the county is situated over.

History of Fermanagh

Ptolemy's 150 AD map of Ireland includes the Menapii, the only known Celtic tribe whose name appears on the map. The Menapii established their first colony, Menapia, on the Leinster coast in 216 BC. They ultimately moved near Lough Erne, where they took the name Fir Manach and from whom we get the counties of Fermanagh and Monaghan. Several traditions center on King Mongán mac Fiachnai of Ulster in the seventh century, with the two being linked by the figure of Manannán mac Lir. They dispersed all over the island and eventually developed into the several ancient Irish (and Scottish and Manx) clans.

Belle Isle in Lough Erne close to Lisbellaw is the location where the Annals of Ulster were composed. These chronicles span the period of medieval Ireland from A.D. 431 to A.D. 1540.

Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302), the first of the Maguire chiefs, established the Maguire dynasty in Fermanagh. Fermanagh, like the other five escheated counties, was split among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish after the confiscation of lands related to Hugh Maguire. Scottish undertakers were given Knockninny and Magheraboy, English undertakers were given Clankelly, Magherastephana, and Lurg, and servitors and natives were given Clanawley, Coole, and Tyrkennedy. The new settlement primarily benefited the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar.

It wasn't until the Plantation of Ulster that Fermanagh was finally brought under civil government, despite the fact that it had been made into a county by a statute of Elizabeth I. Because of the 1957 closure of all Great Northern Railway (Ireland) lines within County Fermanagh, it became the first non-island county in the United Kingdom to be without a railroad.


Northern Ireland, UK Description

Northern Ireland is a constituent state of the United Kingdom, located in the island of Ireland's northeastern quadrant, on the western continental periphery commonly referred to as Atlantic Europe. It is the only part of the United Kingdom that is not part of the European Union. Northern Ireland is occasionally referred to as Ulster, despite the fact that it consists of only six of the nine counties that comprised that historic Irish province.

A long history of newcomers and emigrants has shaped Northern Ireland, which has welcomed Celts from Europe's continental shores as well as Vikings, Normans, and Anglo-Saxons. Over the course of the 17th century, thousands of Scottish Presbyterians were forcibly resettled and English military garrisons were established, resulting in the institutionalization of the ethnic, religious, and political divisions that eventually led to violent conflict.

Since the 1920s, when Northern Ireland was officially separated from the Republic of Ireland, the region has been wracked by sectarian violence. It doesn't matter how serious Northern Ireland's peacemaking efforts have been since the mid-1990s; those who are familiar with the shibboleths and cultural codes that define its peoples are the best equipped to navigate the region, dictating which football (soccer) team to root for, which whiskey to sip, and which song to sing. An old graffito once scrawled on the walls of Belfast captures the complexities of those political markers: "If you are not confused, you do not understand the situation." Outsiders are increasingly familiar with Northern Ireland because of its contributions to world culture, including poetry by Seamus Heaney and music by Van Morrison. However, Northern Ireland's political fortunes have improved since then, and with that improvement has come a flourishing of the arts.

Located in Northern Ireland's capital, Belfast, a modern city whose historic core was severely damaged by aerial bombardment during World War II. Belfast, once known for its shipyards (where the Titanic was built), has seen a significant reduction in the size of its industrial base. Aesthetically, the city is similar to Northern Ireland's other major cities, Londonderry (also known as Derry locally and historically) and Armagh, in that it is adorned with parks and orderly residential neighborhoods. It is even more beautiful in Northern Ireland's countryside: lush, fertile, and dotted with rivers and lakes. These features, as well as the country's folk and artistic traditions, have found poetic expression in the country's folk and artistic traditions.


Geographical Description of Northern Ireland

On the island of Ireland, Northern Ireland occupies approximately one-sixth of the total land area. It is separated from Scotland, which is also a part of the United Kingdom, on the east by the narrow North Channel, which is only 13 miles (21 kilometers) wide at one point and forms a natural border with the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea separates Northern Ireland from England and Wales on the east and southeast, respectively, and the Atlantic Ocean separates it from the rest of the world on the north. The Republic of Ireland forms the southern and western borders of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

In terms of topography, Northern Ireland can be thought of as a saucer with its center at Lough (lake) Neagh, and the highlands can be considered the inverted rim of that saucer. On the rim of the saucer, five of Ireland's six historic counties—Antrim, Down, Armagh, Tyrone and Londonderry—converge to form the lake, and each has its own highland region that extends from its shores. Towards the north and east, Antrim's mountains (which are actually a plateau) rise steeply from the sea and slope upward. It reaches an elevation of 1,817 feet (554 bmetres) at Trostan, with the plateau terminating in an impressive basalt and chalk cliff coastline, broken by a series of glaciated valleys known as glens and facing Scotland, but otherwise isolated from the remainder of Northern Ireland. Slieve Croob (which rises to 1,745 feet (532 metres) in the southeast) and the Mourne Mountains (which reach an elevation of 2,789 feet (850 metres) at Slieve Donard (Northern Ireland's highest point) are all within two miles (3 kilometers) of each other in the southwest. In the southeast, the rounded landscape of drumlins—smooth, elongated mounds left by the final Pleistocene glaciation' South of Carlingford Lough, this magnificent landscape of granite peaks is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.

The scenery is gentler south of Lough Neagh, but the land rises to a height of 1,886 feet (575 metres) in Slieve Gullion, near the Irish border, where the land rises to 1,886 feet (575 metres). West of Lough Neagh, the land gently rises to the more rounded Sperrin Mountains; Sawel, at 2,224 feet (678 metres), is the highest of several 2,000-foot-plus hills in the area; Sawel is also the highest point in the area (610 metres). Located in the far southwest, historically known as County Fermanagh, the region is geographically centered on the basin of Lough Erne, in a drumlin-strewn area surrounded by hills rising to more than 1,000 feet (300 metres) in elevation.


The Economy of Northern Ireland

Because of its close ties to the rest of the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland's economy is inextricably intertwined with it. Trade between Northern Ireland and its closest neighbor, the Republic of Ireland, has grown significantly in recent years despite the fact that economic ties between the two countries have historically been underdeveloped. Northern Ireland's economy has long been underperforming in comparison to the rest of the United Kingdom, owing largely to political and social unrest on the island of Ireland. The International Fund for Ireland was established in the 1980s by the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland to aid in the development of the country's economy. Providing economic assistance to the entire island, with a particular emphasis on Northern Ireland, the fund's mission is to alleviate poverty. The European Union also provides financial assistance to the Northern Ireland government and its citizens.

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