AUGHNACLOY, NIR - Postcode - BT69 6AH - Post Codes & Zip Codes List
|States or Territories||Northern Ireland|
|States or Territories Abbrieviation||NIR|
MAPS & LOCATION
Tyrone County Post Code & Zip Code Category:
Description of Tyrone
County Tyrone, whose name comes from the Irish for "land of Eoghan" (Tr Eoghain), is one of the 32 counties that make up Ireland, nine of the counties that make up Ulster, and six of the counties that make up Northern Ireland. Although it is no longer a functional political subdivision, its cultural legacy lives on.
The county is located adjacent to the south-western shore of Lough Neagh; it has a total area of 3,266 square kilometers (1,261 square miles); the population is approximately 177,986; and Omagh serves as the county seat. Tr Eoghain was a Gaelic kingdom ruled by the O'Neill family that flourished from the 5th to the 17th centuries, and it is from this time and place that the county takes its name and general location.
Irish Tr Eoghain, meaning "land of Eoghan," is where the Cenél nEógain settled after conquering the regions of Airgalla and Ulaid, from which they got the name Tyrone. The Irish pronunciation is closest to the anglicized forms Tyrowen and Tirowen.
History of Tyrone
Tyrone (formerly Tr Eoghain or Tirowen) used to be much larger than it is today. It included what is now eastern County Londonderry and extended all the way north to Lough Foyle. Between 1610 and 1620, the majority of what is now County Londonderry was separated from Tyrone and given to the Guilds of London so that they might develop commercial enterprises based on the region's abundant natural resources. The O'Neill clans and families, the most powerful of the Gaelic Irish lineages in Ulster, maintained their traditional stronghold in Tyrone well into the seventeenth century. The modern-day counties of Tyrone and Londonderry, along with the four baronies of West Inishowen, East Inishowen, Raphoe North, and Raphoe South in County Donegal, were all once part of the ancient principality of Tr Eoghain, the O'Neills' inherited territory.
Once Sir Cahir O'Doherty's soldiers destroyed Derry in 1608 during O'Doherty's Rebellion, they proceeded to plunder and burn large swaths of the country. In spite of this, O'Doherty's troops stayed away from the estates of the recently exiled Earl of Tyrone at Dungannon out of dread for their lives should Tyrone return from his isolation.
Geography of Tyrone
Tyrone is the biggest county in Northern Ireland, with 3,155 square kilometers (1,218 square miles). Lough Neagh is the largest lake in the British Isles, and the flat peatlands of East Tyrone line its shores. Gradually to the west, in the area around the Sperrin Mountains, the landscape becomes more mountainous, with Sawel Mountain, the highest point in the county, standing at 678 meters (2,224 ft). The county is 55 miles long from the Blackwater River's mouth at Lough Neagh to its westernmost tip near Carrickaduff hill (89 km). Annaghone claims to be the geographic center of Northern Ireland. Its area of 1,261 square miles (in 1900) is based on its width of 37.5 miles (60.4 km), which extends from its southern corner southeast of Fivemiletown to its northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain.
Land routes connect the county of Tyrone to its neighbors to the southwest in Fermanagh, to the south in Monaghan, to the southeast in Armagh, to the north in Londonderry, and to the west in Donegal. There is a shared boundary with County Antrim across Lough Neagh to the east. Among Ireland's 32 counties, it is eighth in land area and tenth in population. Among Ulster's 9 traditional counties, it ranks second in land area and fourth in population.
Northern Ireland, UK Description
Northern Ireland is a constituent state of the United Kingdom, located in the island of Ireland's northeastern quadrant, on the western continental periphery commonly referred to as Atlantic Europe. It is the only part of the United Kingdom that is not part of the European Union. Northern Ireland is occasionally referred to as Ulster, despite the fact that it consists of only six of the nine counties that comprised that historic Irish province.
A long history of newcomers and emigrants has shaped Northern Ireland, which has welcomed Celts from Europe's continental shores as well as Vikings, Normans, and Anglo-Saxons. Over the course of the 17th century, thousands of Scottish Presbyterians were forcibly resettled and English military garrisons were established, resulting in the institutionalization of the ethnic, religious, and political divisions that eventually led to violent conflict.
Since the 1920s, when Northern Ireland was officially separated from the Republic of Ireland, the region has been wracked by sectarian violence. It doesn't matter how serious Northern Ireland's peacemaking efforts have been since the mid-1990s; those who are familiar with the shibboleths and cultural codes that define its peoples are the best equipped to navigate the region, dictating which football (soccer) team to root for, which whiskey to sip, and which song to sing. An old graffito once scrawled on the walls of Belfast captures the complexities of those political markers: "If you are not confused, you do not understand the situation." Outsiders are increasingly familiar with Northern Ireland because of its contributions to world culture, including poetry by Seamus Heaney and music by Van Morrison. However, Northern Ireland's political fortunes have improved since then, and with that improvement has come a flourishing of the arts.
Located in Northern Ireland's capital, Belfast, a modern city whose historic core was severely damaged by aerial bombardment during World War II. Belfast, once known for its shipyards (where the Titanic was built), has seen a significant reduction in the size of its industrial base. Aesthetically, the city is similar to Northern Ireland's other major cities, Londonderry (also known as Derry locally and historically) and Armagh, in that it is adorned with parks and orderly residential neighborhoods. It is even more beautiful in Northern Ireland's countryside: lush, fertile, and dotted with rivers and lakes. These features, as well as the country's folk and artistic traditions, have found poetic expression in the country's folk and artistic traditions.
Geographical Description of Northern Island
On the island of Ireland, Northern Ireland occupies approximately one-sixth of the total land area. It is separated from Scotland, which is also a part of the United Kingdom, on the east by the narrow North Channel, which is only 13 miles (21 kilometers) wide at one point and forms a natural border with the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea separates Northern Ireland from England and Wales on the east and southeast, respectively, and the Atlantic Ocean separates it from the rest of the world on the north. The Republic of Ireland forms the southern and western borders of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
In terms of topography, Northern Ireland can be thought of as a saucer with its center at Lough (lake) Neagh, and the highlands can be considered the inverted rim of that saucer. On the rim of the saucer, five of Ireland's six historic counties—Antrim, Down, Armagh, Tyrone and Londonderry—converge to form the lake, and each has its own highland region that extends from its shores. Towards the north and east, Antrim's mountains (which are actually a plateau) rise steeply from the sea and slope upward. It reaches an elevation of 1,817 feet (554 bmetres) at Trostan, with the plateau terminating in an impressive basalt and chalk cliff coastline, broken by a series of glaciated valleys known as glens and facing Scotland, but otherwise isolated from the remainder of Northern Ireland. Slieve Croob (which rises to 1,745 feet (532 metres) in the southeast) and the Mourne Mountains (which reach an elevation of 2,789 feet (850 metres) at Slieve Donard (Northern Ireland's highest point) are all within two miles (3 kilometers) of each other in the southwest. In the southeast, the rounded landscape of drumlins—smooth, elongated mounds left by the final Pleistocene glaciation' South of Carlingford Lough, this magnificent landscape of granite peaks is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.
The scenery is gentler south of Lough Neagh, but the land rises to a height of 1,886 feet (575 metres) in Slieve Gullion, near the Irish border, where the land rises to 1,886 feet (575 metres). West of Lough Neagh, the land gently rises to the more rounded Sperrin Mountains; Sawel, at 2,224 feet (678 metres), is the highest of several 2,000-foot-plus hills in the area; Sawel is also the highest point in the area (610 metres). Located in the far southwest, historically known as County Fermanagh, the region is geographically centered on the basin of Lough Erne, in a drumlin-strewn area surrounded by hills rising to more than 1,000 feet (300 metres) in elevation.
The Economy of Northern Ireland
Because of its close ties to the rest of the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland's economy is inextricably intertwined with it. Trade between Northern Ireland and its closest neighbor, the Republic of Ireland, has grown significantly in recent years despite the fact that economic ties between the two countries have historically been underdeveloped. Northern Ireland's economy has long been underperforming in comparison to the rest of the United Kingdom, owing largely to political and social unrest on the island of Ireland. The International Fund for Ireland was established in the 1980s by the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland to aid in the development of the country's economy. Providing economic assistance to the entire island, with a particular emphasis on Northern Ireland, the fund's mission is to alleviate poverty. The European Union also provides financial assistance to the Northern Ireland government and its citizens.