Armagh, NIR - Postcode - BT60 1LN - Post Codes & Zip Codes List
|States or Territories||Northern Ireland|
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Description of Armagh
Armagh, the county seat of County Armagh (Irish: Contae Ard Mhacha), is one of the six counties that make up Northern Ireland and one of the thirty-two counties that make up the Republic of Ireland. The county has a population of around 175,000 and an area of 1,327 km2 (512 sq mi), which includes land on the southern coast of Lough Neagh. The abundance of apple orchards in County Armagh earned it the nickname "Orchard County." Ulster, an ancient province, once included the county in its territory.
The Irish words ard and macha both mean "height" or "high location," which is where the English word "Armagh" comes from. The Ulaid rulers (from whom we get the name "Ulster") are claimed to have had their start in Macha's hometown of Emain Macha (now Navan Fort in Armagh City), which is described in The Book of the Taking of Ireland.
Geography of Armagh
Slieve Gullion, in the south, is the highest point in Armagh County. From there, the landscape gradually changes, from the rugged south with Carrigatuke, Lislea, and Camlough mountains to the rolling drumlin country in the middle and west of the county, and finally to the flatlands in the north where rolling flats and small hills reach sea level at Lough Neagh.
The mountainous Ring of Gullion, which rises in the south of County Armagh, marks the county's boundary with Louth, whereas the boundary with Monaghan and Down is mostly unremarkable, consisting of a seamless continuation of drumlins and small lakes. County Tyrone's border is delineated by the Blackwater River, and the rest of the northern border is formed by Lough Neagh.
The county's portion of Lough Neagh also contains several uninhabited islands, including Coney Island Flat, Croaghan Flat, Padian, Phil Roe's Flat, and the Shallow Flat.
Climate of Armagh
Armagh has an oceanic climate largely affected by the Gulf Stream, with damp mild winters and temperate, wet summers, despite being located in the east of Ireland. Daytime lows rarely drop below freezing, though frost is not unprecedented from November through February. Even in the more high south-east of the county, snow rarely stays for more than a few hours. Daylight lasts nearly 18 hours in the height of summer, despite the mild temperatures and frequent rain showers that characterize the season.
The weather sensor at Armagh Observatory registered 31.4 degrees Celsius on 22 July 2021, making it the hottest day ever recorded in Northern Ireland.
History of Armagh
Ulaid (also known as Voluntii, Ultonians, Ulidians, and Ulstermen) area encompassed ancient Armagh prior to the fourth century AD. The Red Branch governed from Emain Macha (also known as Navan Fort) in the vicinity of Armagh. Macha, a deity revered by the Incas, was honored by having her name bestowed upon both the location and the future city. A major part of the Ulster Cycle and the Cattle Raid on Cooley would be impossible without the Red Branch. They were finally forced out of the region, however, by the Three Collas, who arrived in the fourth century and ruled until the twelfth. For 800 years, the Clan Colla was in charge of what is now called Airghialla or Oriel.
Collas, O'Hanlons, MacCanns, and U Néill (O'Neills of Fews) were the three largest Irish septs in the county. There were numerous baronies in Armagh, each ruled by a different family: the O'Rogans in Armagh, the O'Neill of the Fews in Lower Fews, and the MacCanns in Upper Fews (who had previously been ruled by the O'Larkins). The O'Garveys, like the MacCanns before them, had been driven out of Oneilland East. In the same way that Oneilland East was previously O'Neill territory, Oneilland West fell under the control of the MacCanns, the Lords of Clanbrassil. The O'Hanlon held sway over both Upper and Lower Orior. Ronaghan's dictatorship was a brutal one. O'Kelaghan governed a jumbled collection of territories. After losing their County Down estates, many members of the McGuinness family settled in the area surrounding the foot of Slieve Guillion, not far from Newry.
Armagh is still considered the see of St. Patrick by the Catholic Church. According to the most recent census (2011), County Armagh is one of only four counties in all of Northern Ireland where the Catholic faith is the dominant religion.
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Description of Antrim
Named after the town of Antrim (Irish: Aontroim, meaning "lone ridge"), County Antrim is one of the six counties that make up Northern Ireland and one of the thirty-two counties that make up the Republic of Ireland. The county has a total area of 3,086 square kilometers (1,192 square miles), and its population is somewhere around 618,000. It is located alongside the north-east shore of Lough Neagh.
The population density in County Antrim is 203 ppk (526 ppmi). In addition to being a part of the ancient province of Ulster, it is also one of Ireland's thirty-two "traditional counties."
Isolated and rugged, the Glens of Antrim are home to nature lovers, while the Giant's Causeway is a one-of-a-kind environment and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, whiskey is distilled in Bushmills, and Portrush serves as a popular coastal resort and nightlife district. County Antrim contains the vast bulk of Northern Ireland's capital city, Belfast, while County Down contains the remaining portions.
A majority of its residents identify as Protestant, making it one of just two counties on the entire island to do so as of the 2001 census. County Down, to the south, is the other.
Geography of Antrim
East Antrim is where you'll find the county's highest peaks, but the hills cover a considerable percentage of the county overall. Knocklayd (514 meters/1,690 feet), Slieveanorra (508 meters/1,670 feet), Trostan (550 meters/1,800 feet), Slemish (1,430 meters/4,437 feet), Agnew's Hill (474 meters/1,580 feet), and Divis (478 meters/15,880 feet) are the highest peaks running north to south along the range (1,570 ft). The inland slope is gentle, but the range ends in abrupt and virtually vertical declivities on the northern shore, making for some of the world's most beautiful coastline, which stands in stark contrast to the more rounded western coastline with its continuous cliff faces. The most remarkable cliffs are those formed of perpendicular basaltic columns, extending for many miles, and most strikingly displayed in Fair Head and the celebrated Giant's Causeway. The hills rise suddenly but less abruptly on the eastern coast, and the craters are larger and deeper inland. Portrush (with famous golf links), Portballintrae, and Ballycastle can be found on the west coast; on the east coast, you'll find Cushendun, Cushall, and Waterfoot on Red Bay, Carnlough and Glenarm, Larne on the Sea of Moyne, and Whitehead on Belfast Lough. The springtime easterly winds can be a problem for all of them. The sole island of size is the L-shaped Rathlin Island, off Ballycastle, 11 km (6.8 mi) in total length by 2 km (1.2 km) maximum breadth, 7 km (4.3 mi) from the coast, and of similar basaltic and limestone formation to that of the mainland. There is enough arable land there to sustain a modest population. Larne Lough and the North Channel are separated by the peninsula of Islandmagee.
The fertile lowlands are found in the valleys of the rivers Bann and Lagan, with the shores of Lough Neagh in between. Both of these rivers have their origins in County Down, and they are the only ones worth considering. The latter empties into Belfast Lough, whereas the former drains into Lough Neagh. Toome, located at the river's mouth, serves as a hub for commercial and recreational fishing on the Bann and in Lough Neagh (particularly for salmon and eels). The "Small Lake" of Lough Beg may be seen just below this location, located at an elevation of about 4.5 m (15 ft) below that of Lough Neagh.
Northern Ireland, UK Description
Northern Ireland is a constituent state of the United Kingdom, located in the island of Ireland's northeastern quadrant, on the western continental periphery commonly referred to as Atlantic Europe. It is the only part of the United Kingdom that is not part of the European Union. Northern Ireland is occasionally referred to as Ulster, despite the fact that it consists of only six of the nine counties that comprised that historic Irish province.
A long history of newcomers and emigrants has shaped Northern Ireland, which has welcomed Celts from Europe's continental shores as well as Vikings, Normans, and Anglo-Saxons. Over the course of the 17th century, thousands of Scottish Presbyterians were forcibly resettled and English military garrisons were established, resulting in the institutionalization of the ethnic, religious, and political divisions that eventually led to violent conflict.
Since the 1920s, when Northern Ireland was officially separated from the Republic of Ireland, the region has been wracked by sectarian violence. It doesn't matter how serious Northern Ireland's peacemaking efforts have been since the mid-1990s; those who are familiar with the shibboleths and cultural codes that define its peoples are the best equipped to navigate the region, dictating which football (soccer) team to root for, which whiskey to sip, and which song to sing. An old graffito once scrawled on the walls of Belfast captures the complexities of those political markers: "If you are not confused, you do not understand the situation." Outsiders are increasingly familiar with Northern Ireland because of its contributions to world culture, including poetry by Seamus Heaney and music by Van Morrison. However, Northern Ireland's political fortunes have improved since then, and with that improvement has come a flourishing of the arts.
Located in Northern Ireland's capital, Belfast, a modern city whose historic core was severely damaged by aerial bombardment during World War II. Belfast, once known for its shipyards (where the Titanic was built), has seen a significant reduction in the size of its industrial base. Aesthetically, the city is similar to Northern Ireland's other major cities, Londonderry (also known as Derry locally and historically) and Armagh, in that it is adorned with parks and orderly residential neighborhoods. It is even more beautiful in Northern Ireland's countryside: lush, fertile, and dotted with rivers and lakes. These features, as well as the country's folk and artistic traditions, have found poetic expression in the country's folk and artistic traditions.
Geographical Description of Northern Island
On the island of Ireland, Northern Ireland occupies approximately one-sixth of the total land area. It is separated from Scotland, which is also a part of the United Kingdom, on the east by the narrow North Channel, which is only 13 miles (21 kilometers) wide at one point and forms a natural border with the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea separates Northern Ireland from England and Wales on the east and southeast, respectively, and the Atlantic Ocean separates it from the rest of the world on the north. The Republic of Ireland forms the southern and western borders of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
In terms of topography, Northern Ireland can be thought of as a saucer with its center at Lough (lake) Neagh, and the highlands can be considered the inverted rim of that saucer. On the rim of the saucer, five of Ireland's six historic counties—Antrim, Down, Armagh, Tyrone and Londonderry—converge to form the lake, and each has its own highland region that extends from its shores. Towards the north and east, Antrim's mountains (which are actually a plateau) rise steeply from the sea and slope upward. It reaches an elevation of 1,817 feet (554 bmetres) at Trostan, with the plateau terminating in an impressive basalt and chalk cliff coastline, broken by a series of glaciated valleys known as glens and facing Scotland, but otherwise isolated from the remainder of Northern Ireland. Slieve Croob (which rises to 1,745 feet (532 metres) in the southeast) and the Mourne Mountains (which reach an elevation of 2,789 feet (850 metres) at Slieve Donard (Northern Ireland's highest point) are all within two miles (3 kilometers) of each other in the southwest. In the southeast, the rounded landscape of drumlins—smooth, elongated mounds left by the final Pleistocene glaciation' South of Carlingford Lough, this magnificent landscape of granite peaks is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.
The scenery is gentler south of Lough Neagh, but the land rises to a height of 1,886 feet (575 metres) in Slieve Gullion, near the Irish border, where the land rises to 1,886 feet (575 metres). West of Lough Neagh, the land gently rises to the more rounded Sperrin Mountains; Sawel, at 2,224 feet (678 metres), is the highest of several 2,000-foot-plus hills in the area; Sawel is also the highest point in the area (610 metres). Located in the far southwest, historically known as County Fermanagh, the region is geographically centered on the basin of Lough Erne, in a drumlin-strewn area surrounded by hills rising to more than 1,000 feet (300 metres) in elevation.
The Economy of Northern Ireland
Because of its close ties to the rest of the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland's economy is inextricably intertwined with it. Trade between Northern Ireland and its closest neighbor, the Republic of Ireland, has grown significantly in recent years despite the fact that economic ties between the two countries have historically been underdeveloped. Northern Ireland's economy has long been underperforming in comparison to the rest of the United Kingdom, owing largely to political and social unrest on the island of Ireland. The International Fund for Ireland was established in the 1980s by the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland to aid in the development of the country's economy. Providing economic assistance to the entire island, with a particular emphasis on Northern Ireland, the fund's mission is to alleviate poverty. The European Union also provides financial assistance to the Northern Ireland government and its citizens.