Derby, ENG - Postcode - DE1 1AF - Post Codes & Zip Codes List
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Description of Derby, England
Located in the English county of Derbyshire, Derby is both a city and a unified administrative region. It is in the East Midlands Area, to the south of Derbyshire, on the banks of the Derwent River. Historically, it served as the county seat for Derbyshire. Since Derby was elevated to city status in 1977, its population has expanded from 248,800 in 2011 to an estimated 261,400 in 2021, a growth rate of 5.1%.
The Romans founded Derventio in the area now known as Derby; the Anglo-Saxons seized it, and the Vikings turned it into Djra-b, one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw. As an industrial center, Derby expanded fast from its market town roots. Derby, which is home to an early British industrial known as Lombe's Mill, lays claim to being a cradle of the Industrial Revolution. The Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site is located in the southern portion of this area. Since the introduction of railroads in the 19th century, Derby has served as a major hub for the country's rail industry.
History of Derby
After Rolls-Royce established a manufacturing facility in Derby, the local economy began to flourish. The London, Midland & Scottish Railway merged with the Midland Railway in 1923 to form the London, Midland & Scottish Railway. Though it had fallen to third place behind Crewe and Wolverton, rail manufacturing in Derby was still significant. In addition, the area continued to serve as a hub for innovation, and in the 1930s, at Lord Stamp's behest, the LMS Scientific Research Laboratory was established on London Road.
Derby Wireless Club was founded in 1911 by a group of local innovators in engineering and technology. The "wireless club" or radio station was going to be the first of its kind in the nation. The club's early endeavors (even during the wars) helped advance 'wireless' technologies in England, inspiring many locals to take up the pastime as a result. The club evolved into the Derby & District Amateur Radio Society (DADARS) as time went on, hosting events and meetings for radio hobbyists well into the 2020s despite the emergence of new technologies.
The railway works carried on with production and maintenance as usual. Britain's first mainline passenger diesel-electric locomotive, "Number 10000," was unveiled by the Locomotive Works in December 1947. In 1958, the industry shifted its focus to diesel locomotives. The first of the Diesel Multiple Units, which would replace many of the services, was being constructed at the Carriage & Wagon Works at the same time.
The British Rail Research Division was established in 1964 to investigate railway engineering in its entirety. Its initial accomplishment was a significant increase in the punctuality and efficiency of freight trains, which paved the way for the creation of the Advanced Passenger Train.
Derby is significant in Labour history because it was one of the two seats (the other being Keir Hardie's in Merthyr Tydfil) won by the recently created Labour Representation Committee in the 1900 general election. Richard Bell, General Secretary of the Railway Employees' Union, was a member of parliament. In 1910, Jimmy Thomas replaced Bell, and in 1936, Thomas was surpassed by the eminent polymath and Nobel Laureate Philip Noel-Baker.
Rolls-Royce Holdings and Toyota, two of Derby's largest employers, both operate in the field of engineering manufacture. Notable businesses in the area include First Source, which handles much of Sky's telephone support, Triton Equity, which took over Alstom's manufacturing plant for large power plant boilers and heat exchangers in 2014, and railway systems engineering firm Bombardier Transportation, which manufactures railway rolling stock at Derby Litchurch Lane Works (acquired by Alstom in 2021).
Since its founding in 1922, International Combustion has called its 62-acre (250,000 m2) site on Sinfin Lane home. Initially, the company made equipment for the automatic delivery of pulverized fuel to furnaces and boilers; later, it shifted its focus to producing steam-generating boilers for use in electrical generating plant, like those found in power stations. Rolls-Royce plc acquired the company in the 1990s, and ABB Group afterwards acquired it
When developing their popular video game Tomb Raider, Core Design called Derby (specifically their Ashbourne Road office) home. After the completion of the inner ring road in Derby in 2010, a part of the road was given the name "Lara Croft Way," in honor of the game's protagonist.
The Royal Crown Derby porcelain factory has been in operation in Derby since the 1750s, making it one of the city's oldest companies.
County in the East Midlands of England, has a rich history and a significant geographical position. Tourists flock to the picturesque Peak District in the north, while miners and engineers toil in the Trent lowlands in the south.
Depending on how you define "county," whether it be administrative, geographic, or historic, you'll find some minor differences. Amber Valley, Bolsover, Derbyshire Dales, North East Derbyshire, South Derbyshire, and the boroughs of Chesterfield, Erewash, and High Peak are some of the districts that make up the administrative county of Derbyshire. Matlock serves as Derbyshire County's seat of government. The city of Derby, which has its own unitary authority, is also included in the geographic county along with the rest of the administrative county. Northeastern Langdendale, stretching eastward from Tintwhistle, is part of the High Peak district, which is located in the former county of Cheshire. The area around Beighton and Mosborough is part of the Sheffield metropolitan borough, while the areas around Rocester east of the River Dove and Burton-upon-Trent east of the River Trent are both in the East Staffordshire district of the administrative county of Staffordshire, but are still considered to be part of the historic county of Derbyshire.
There is a large highland territory in the north of the county that culminates in the Peak District, and a smaller lowland area in the south that centers on Derby. The Peak District National Park occupies a sizable chunk of the county's northwestern corner. Northern Derbyshire is home to the Derbyshire Dome, a limestone plateau area surrounded by gritstones that serves as the southern terminus of the Pennine uplands. The dome rises to the north, creating the heather and peat-covered Kinder Scout and Bleaklow plateaus. The eastern part of the dome is where the coal measures occur, and these coal seams are of great economic significance. Marls and pebble beds, often overlain with boulder clay, form the rolling landscape in the southern section of the county. Southwest of Derby, the River Derwent flows into the River Trent, with its drainage basin consisting almost completely of Derbyshire. Creswell Crags, an important Paleolithic site, and Arbor Low, near Youlgreave, a vast circle of virtually flat stones from the early Bronze Age, are only two examples of the many ancient sites in the county. Buxton, the Roman spa town Aquae Arnemetiae, is the only clearly nonmilitary site among the Romans' many road and fort constructions in Derbyshire. Indeed, the Romans were likewise keen to make use of the region's rich veins of lead.
Derbyshire became a part of the kingdom of Mercia when the Anglo-Saxons invaded. The Danes conquered the Mercian religious center of Repton in 873 and eventually resided there, eventually establishing the city of Derby. Up to the 18th century, mining and quarrying were the primary industries in Derbyshire, which was otherwise primarily used for agriculture. During the Middle Ages, lead from the Peak region was in high demand.
Derbyshire's economy is diverse, ranging from rural in the west to urban in the north-east (the Bolsover district), the Erewash Valley around Ilkeston, and the south-central Swadlincote area. Agriculture dominates the flatlands south of Derby, while the steep gritstone uplands of the southern Pennines are home to grazing and moorland.
Naturally occurring mineral resources, such as lead, iron, coal, and limestone, have been mined extensively in Derbyshire for centuries. In the case of lead, it has been mined since Roman times. Large quarries were established near the central area's limestone outcrops to provide lime to the cement and steel industries in the nearby towns. Stone quarries mushroomed in the late 19th and early 20th century in response to the rising demand for construction materials brought on by the Industrial Revolution and the advent of railroads. The countryside has been altered, but this industry is still significant: crushed stone is a major supplier for the construction sector, used in the production of concrete and asphalt.
During the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, hydropower was widely adopted in Derbyshire, following in the footsteps of Richard Arkwright's pioneering mills, due to the county's relative isolation at the time (late 18th century) and its abundance of swift-moving streams. Part of the Derwent Valley in Derbyshire was designated as a World Heritage Site because of its significance in industrial history.
Rolls-Royce, one of the world's premier aerospace businesses, has been headquartered in Derby since before World War I. Thorntons, a chocolate manufacturer, is located just south of Alfreton, and Toyota has one of the UK's major automobile production factories at Burnaston. Ashbourne Until 2006, Nestlé Waters UK bottled water in Buxton, and the practice continues today with Buxton Water.
Only three counties, including Derbyshire, are authorized to produce the cheese known as Stilton. Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire make up the other two. Hartington Creamery in Pikehall is the smallest of the six enterprises that produce this item. In March of 2021, in addition to selling in the United Kingdom, Hartington Stilton exported to the United States, the European Union, and Canada. The CEO of the company reported "a rise in interest and consumer sales from the US" to the BBC.
England, UK Description
England is the UK's largest constituent unit, occupying more than half of the island. Despite its political, economic, and cultural legacy, England is no longer a governmental or political unit.
With its rich soil and crisscrossing network of rivers and streams, England has been and remains a thriving agricultural economy. England became the epicenter of the global Industrial Revolution in the early 1800s, quickly rising to the top of the global industrialization rankings. Manufacturing industries in Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool turned raw materials into finished goods for export. London, the country's capital, became one of the world's most important cities, a hub for a global political economy. The London metropolitan area continues to be Europe's financial center and a hotbed of innovation, particularly in the fields of popular culture.
One of the most fundamental features of the English language is its diversity within a limited compass. Even England's most remote regions are accessible by car or train within a day's drive or train ride of London. Many English people identify with the regions or shires from which they are descended—for example, Yorkshire, the West Country, or the Midlands—and maintain strong ties to those regions even if they live in other parts of the country. Some differences exist, but many more, especially as England transitioned from a rural to an urban society, began to fade after 1945. The country's island location has shaped the English character, which values social harmony, social harmony, and good manners that ensure orderly relations in a densely populated landscape, among other characteristics.
During the dismantling of Britain's vast overseas empire in the mid-20th century, England suffered an identity crisis, and much attention has been paid to discussions of "Englishness"—that is, what it means to be English in a country that now has large immigrant populations from many former colonies and is far more cosmopolitan than insular. Although influenced by other cultures, English culture is distinct and difficult to define. The Lion and the Unicorn by George Orwell, a self-described "revolutionary patriot" who chronicled politics and society in the 1930s and 1940s, makes this observation.
Geographical Description of England
Except for Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire in the east, England's topography is low-lying but rarely flat. The area has many rolling hillsides, with the highest elevations in the north, north-west, and southwest. Intricate underlying structures have resulted in intricate patterns in the landscape. The oldest sedimentary rocks and some igneous rocks (found in isolated granite hills) are found in Cornwall and Devon, while the most recent alluvial soils are found in the Fens of Cambridgeshire, Lincolnshire, and Norfolk. Both the sandstone and limestone bands that separate these two regions date from prehistoric times when large sections of central and southern England were submerged under warm seas. Geological forces lifted and folded some of these rocks, forming northern England's spine. Scafell Pike, England's highest point, stands at 3,210 feet (978 metres) and is part of the world's highest mountain range. The northern mountains are mostly slate, while the southern mountains are mostly lava flows. Mountain ranges have developed from the North Downs at 965 feet (294 meters) to the Cotswolds at 1,083 feet (330 meters).
The Chiltern Hills, North Yorkshire Moors, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds, and Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds were rounded into distinctive plateaus with west-facing escarpments during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). A land bridge connecting Britain to the rest of Europe was engulfed as the last glacial sheet melted. The retreating glaciers left behind gravel, sand, and glacial mud, further altering the land surface. Rain, rivers, and tides, as well as subsidence, have shaped the hills and coastline of eastern England. Limestone, gritstone, and carboniferous strata plateaus are associated with major coalfields, some visible as surface outcrops.
A great example of England's geologic complexity is its cliff structure. The chalk cliffs of Dover are made up of a series of sedimentary rocks of varying ages that start at Land's End in the far southwest and end at the Isle of Wight. The English coastline is dotted with cliffs, bays, and river estuaries that add to the overall beauty of the landscape.
England's weather is as varied as its topography. The average temperature in England, like other temperate maritime zones, is moderate, ranging from around 35 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) in January to 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) in July in the Thames river valley (32 degrees Celsius). Tacitus, the Roman historian, described it as "unpleasant" with "frequent rains and mists but no extreme cold." However, the higher elevations of England receive snow for roughly 50 days out of the year. In fact, the northwest and southwest of England are particularly "wet". These areas receive less than 30 inches (750 mm) of rain per year and are frequently subject to severe drought. Rainfall averages only 20 inches in parts of the southeast (500 mm). The weather has influenced English art and literature not only seasonally but also day-to-day and even hour-to-hour. The bumbershoot's moniker as the stereotypical English gentleman's walking stick is not accidental.
The Economy of England
In the 18th and 19th centuries, England's economy was primarily agricultural until the Industrial Revolution transformed it into a highly urbanized and industrialized region as a result of the Industrial Revolution. A result of the close proximity of coal and iron ore deposits, heavy industries (iron and steel, textiles, and shipbuilding) sprang up in the north-eastern counties, and they continue to thrive today. During the 1930s, the Great Depression and foreign competition both contributed to a decline in manufactured goods production and an increase in unemployment in the industrial north, which contributed to the Great Depression. Residents of these northern counties who were out of work were forced to relocate south to London and its environs. Because of urbanization and industrialization, the southeast has become dominated by industries such as automotive, chemical, electrical, and machine tool manufacturing. Despite the fact that population growth and urbanization significantly reduced farmland in England during the twentieth century, the geographical counties of Cornwall, Devon, Kent, Lincolnshire, Somerset, and North Yorkshire have retained a significant proportion of their agricultural land.
Another period of industrial decline occurred in the late twentieth century, during which coal mining was virtually phased out and job losses in industries such as iron and steel production, shipbuilding, and textile manufacturing were particularly severe. The decline of these industries had a disproportionately negative impact on the economies of the north and the Midlands, while the economies of the south remained relatively prosperous. By the turn of the twenty-first century, the service sector had taken over as the dominant sector of the English economy, with banking and other financial services, retail, distribution, media and entertainment, education, health care, and hotels and restaurants among the leading sectors.