Birmingham, ENG - Postcode - B1 1BD - Post Codes & Zip Codes List
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Description of Birmingham, England
The city of Birmingham, a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands metropolitan county, is the second-largest in the United Kingdom. It is conveniently located at a hub where major highways and railways converge, right in the middle of England. A major administrative, recreational, and cultural hub for the West Midlands conurbation, Birmingham is located in one of England's most important economic regions. About 110 miles (177 kilometers) to the northwest of London is where you'll find this city.
Edgbaston and northern neighborhoods including Sutton Coldfield, Erdington, and Sheldon are located in the former county of Warwickshire, which is also home to Birmingham's historic core. Areas like Handsworth and Kingstanding in the northwest and Harborne in the southwest are located in the former county of Staffordshire. Bartley Green, Northfield, Moseley, and Yardley are all neighborhoods in the south and east that were originally part of Worcestershire.
Geographical description of Birmingham
Birmingham sits on the Birmingham Plateau, a relatively elevated piece of terrain that rises between 500 and 1,000 feet (150 and 300 meters) above sea level and is bisected by Britain's primary north-south watershed between the basins of the Rivers Severn and Trent. The Lickey Hills, Clent Hills, and Walton Hill, located to the south-west of the city, rise to a height of 1,033 feet (315 meters) and provide magnificent panoramas over the metro area below. Smaller rivers and brooks, primarily the River Tame and its tributaries the Cole and the Rea, are responsible for carrying excess water away from Birmingham.
Located in the heart of the West Midlands, Birmingham is surrounded by other major cities and metropolitan areas, including Wolverhampton and the industrial towns of the Black Country to the north west. Built-up A space of 59,972 hectares (600 km2; 232 sq mi). This is surrounded by Birmingham's metropolitan area, to which it is economically tied through commuting. To the north are the former Mercian capital of Tamworth and the cathedral city of Lichfield in Staffordshire; to the east are the industrial city of Coventry and the towns of Nuneaton, Warwick, and Leamington Spa in Warwickshire; and to the south west are the towns of Redditch and Bromsgrove in Worcestershire.
Many of the city's neighborhoods, such as Moseley, Saltley, Yardley, Stirchley, and Hockley, have names ending in "-ley," from the Old English -lah, meaning "woodland clearing," as a nod to the area's history as a northern reach of the old Forest of Arden.
Economy of Birmingham
As a result of its success in several fields, Birmingham became a major metropolitan area. For a long time, the city's Gun Quarter was the epicenter of the global firearms industry. Birmingham's first gunsmith was documented in 1630, and the city's muskets saw service in the English Civil War. In the north of the city center, between Steelhouse Lane and Shadwell Street and east of Loveday Street, lies an industrial district known as "The Gun Quarter," which is famous for its role in the manufacturing of guns for both military and sports usage. Redevelopment plans have been drawn up for several of the area's abandoned buildings, notably those on Shadwell Street and Vesey Street.
Almost ninety-eight percent of Birmingham's workforce was employed in the service industry that same year. When it comes to public administration, education, and healthcare, Birmingham is the largest center in all of Britain. When it comes to finance and other business services, however, Birmingham is the second largest center outside of London, behind only Leeds. More broadly, the metropolitan economy produces $121.1 billion in GDP, making it the second largest in the United Kingdom (2014 estimate, PPP). Birmingham is the center of the largest concentration of major companies outside of London and the South East, with the headquarters of Gymshark and Severn Trent Water among them. Other major companies with headquarters in the city include the engineering firm IMI plc, the bus company National Express, the bakery chain Patisserie Valerie, the clothing retailer Claire's, and the restaurant chain Mitchells & Butlers. Birmingham's largest conference and exhibition facilities, including the National Exhibition Centre and International Convention Centre, bring in 42 percent of the country's overall revenue from these sectors.
In 2012, the manufacturing sector provided only 8% of Birmingham's jobs, well below the UK average. A number of significant local producers, such as Jaguar Land Rover in Castle Bromwich and Cadbury in Bournville, provide essential support to a network of tiny, precision-based manufacturers and artisans around the city. The city's Jewellery Quarter, home to 300 independent manufacturers, continues to create 40% of the United Kingdom's jewelry, a trade that was first documented in Birmingham in 1308.
At an estimated £24.8 billion in 2015, Birmingham's GVA expanded at the second-fastest rate among England's eight "Core Cities," behind only London, and economic growth accelerated each year between 2013 and 2015. Manufacturing output in the city fell by 21% in real terms between 1997 and 2010, but the value of finance and insurance activities more than doubled during the same time period. Birmingham registered 16,281 new enterprises in 2013, making it the city with the greatest rate of entrepreneurship outside of London. This number climbed by 8.1% in 2016. Between 2010 and 2013, Birmingham's private sector job growth was third highest in the UK, after London and Edinburgh.
Birmingham has more economic inequality than any other major English city, second only to Glasgow in the United Kingdom. Ten percent of the working-age population is unemployed, which is more than the national average (June 2016). There are neighborhoods in the city of Aston and Washwood Heath where the rate is over 30 percent. Approximately 80% of Birmingham's residents live in regions that are among the 10% most impoverished in England, and the city as a whole has the lowest median household income and the lowest employment rate of any local authority in England. High infant mortality in the city is almost 60% higher than the U.S. average. In addition, only 49% of women in the labor force are employed, compared to 65% nationally, and only 28% of Birmingham's working-age population has a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 34% on average across all Core Cities.
Birmingham had the highest rating in the United Kingdom, at number two, in the 2014 Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Birmingham's quality of life ranking has steadily risen over the years, to the point that it was ranked 49th in the world in the latest poll. It has never been in the top 50 until now. The year 2026 is chosen since it is the target year in the Big City Plan of 2008. Enterprise zones are areas of a city that are specifically designed to provide incentives to businesses by reducing taxes and streamlining regulations.
In a study titled "The Best Places To Invest in Property in the UK," Birmingham came out on top as the best city in which to make a real estate investment in 2019. This was because of local investments in infrastructure and a 5% increase in home prices.
The West Midlands is one of England's nine recognized regions at the first International Territorial Level. The majority of the western half of the region known as the Midlands is included. Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, the West Midlands, and Worcestershire make up the counties that make up this region. A total of seven cities make up the West Midlands: Birmingham, Coventry, Hereford, Lichfield, Stoke-on-Trent, Wolverhampton, and Worcester.
There is a wide range of landscapes in the West Midlands, from the densely populated urban core of the West Midlands conurbation to the rural counties of Herefordshire, Shropshire, and Worcestershire on the Welsh border. The region is landlocked, but the UK's longest river, the Severn, flows through it from northwest to southeast, passing through the county seats of Shrewsbury and Worcester as well as the Ironbridge Gorge, a World Heritage Site. The industrialized Potteries conurbation, which includes the city of Stoke-on-Trent, is located in Staffordshire, as is the Staffordshire Moorlands region, which borders the southeastern Peak District National Park near Leek. The Wye Valley, the Shropshire Hills, Cannock Chase, the Malvern Hills, and a portion of the Cotswolds are among the five Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty that make up this region. Stratford upon Avon, where William Shakespeare was born, Rugby, where rugby football was invented, and Nuneaton, where George Eliot was born, are all located in the county of Warwickshire.
Included in the official region are the ceremonial counties of Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, the West Midlands, and Worcestershire.
Although the West Midlands Region is located in the central belt of the Midlands and on the eastern side of the region, the name "West Midlands" is also used for the much smaller West Midlands county and conurbation, which is located in the western part of the region. Many local institutions, including the West Midlands Police and the West Midlands Fire Service, continue to use it.
Black Mountain, located in west Herefordshire near the Welsh county of Powys, is the region's highest point at 703 meters (2,307 feet).
The Shropshire Hills, the Malvern Hills, and Cannock Chase are just three of the five AONBs in this area; the Wye Valley and the Cotswolds are also included. The Peak District National Park actually includes a small portion of northern Staffordshire.
Moseley Bog, Sarehole, and maybe even the Perrott's Folly were all places that influenced young J. R. R. Tolkien as he was growing up in Kings Heath, a neighborhood of Birmingham that was then a part of Worcestershire. Coventry was the birthplace of poet Philip Larkin. The stamp collector Rowland Hill hailed from nearby Kidderminster. George Eliot, the author, was born in Nuneaton. Birmingham native Anthony E. Pratt came up with the idea for Clue.
The architect of Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral was Coventry native Frederick Gibberd. In 1731, Edward Cave, a Rugby native, published the first issue of The Gentleman's Magazine. In 1768, Philip Astley of Newcastle under Lyme, England, invented the modern circus with his invention, Astley's Amphitheatre.
The Castlemorton Common Festival, held in the Malvern area in May 1992, prompted the passage of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act in 1994.
Every year, the city of Birmingham hosts the Nowka Bais, a Bengali boat racing festival. This cultural celebration in the West Midlands, UK, draws people from all walks of life, including members of the Bangladeshi diaspora. It's the largest race of its kind in Britain.
Quinton Business Park was home to Business Link West Midlands, which was located in close proximity to Highways England. In Edgbaston, you'd find NHS West Midlands, the regional health authority. The CSA's former headquarters in Brierley Hill are now home to the West Midlands Ambulance Service. North of Wolverhampton's city center, in the Midlands, you'll find the new home of the region's Manufacturing Advisory Service: Made in the Midlands.
South of NHS West Midlands to the west of Five Ways is where you'll find the regional office of the Department of International Trade (DIT) West Midlands. The Midlands Air Ambulance serves most of the area, while the Warwickshire & Northamptonshire Air Ambulance operates out of Coventry Airport. After Sir James Dyson (£3 billion), Sir Anthony Bamford of Staffordshire (approximately £3.15 billion) is the wealthiest British industrialist in 2014.
England, UK Description
England is the UK's largest constituent unit, occupying more than half of the island. Despite its political, economic, and cultural legacy, England is no longer a governmental or political unit.
With its rich soil and crisscrossing network of rivers and streams, England has been and remains a thriving agricultural economy. England became the epicenter of the global Industrial Revolution in the early 1800s, quickly rising to the top of the global industrialization rankings. Manufacturing industries in Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool turned raw materials into finished goods for export. London, the country's capital, became one of the world's most important cities, a hub for a global political economy. The London metropolitan area continues to be Europe's financial center and a hotbed of innovation, particularly in the fields of popular culture.
One of the most fundamental features of the English language is its diversity within a limited compass. Even England's most remote regions are accessible by car or train within a day's drive or train ride of London. Many English people identify with the regions or shires from which they are descended—for example, Yorkshire, the West Country, or the Midlands—and maintain strong ties to those regions even if they live in other parts of the country. Some differences exist, but many more, especially as England transitioned from a rural to an urban society, began to fade after 1945. The country's island location has shaped the English character, which values social harmony, social harmony, and good manners that ensure orderly relations in a densely populated landscape, among other characteristics.
During the dismantling of Britain's vast overseas empire in the mid-20th century, England suffered an identity crisis, and much attention has been paid to discussions of "Englishness"—that is, what it means to be English in a country that now has large immigrant populations from many former colonies and is far more cosmopolitan than insular. Although influenced by other cultures, English culture is distinct and difficult to define. The Lion and the Unicorn by George Orwell, a self-described "revolutionary patriot" who chronicled politics and society in the 1930s and 1940s, makes this observation.
Geographical Description of England
Except for Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire in the east, England's topography is low-lying but rarely flat. The area has many rolling hillsides, with the highest elevations in the north, north-west, and southwest. Intricate underlying structures have resulted in intricate patterns in the landscape. The oldest sedimentary rocks and some igneous rocks (found in isolated granite hills) are found in Cornwall and Devon, while the most recent alluvial soils are found in the Fens of Cambridgeshire, Lincolnshire, and Norfolk. Both the sandstone and limestone bands that separate these two regions date from prehistoric times when large sections of central and southern England were submerged under warm seas. Geological forces lifted and folded some of these rocks, forming northern England's spine. Scafell Pike, England's highest point, stands at 3,210 feet (978 metres) and is part of the world's highest mountain range. The northern mountains are mostly slate, while the southern mountains are mostly lava flows. Mountain ranges have developed from the North Downs at 965 feet (294 meters) to the Cotswolds at 1,083 feet (330 meters).
The Chiltern Hills, North Yorkshire Moors, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds, and Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Wolds were rounded into distinctive plateaus with west-facing escarpments during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). A land bridge connecting Britain to the rest of Europe was engulfed as the last glacial sheet melted. The retreating glaciers left behind gravel, sand, and glacial mud, further altering the land surface. Rain, rivers, and tides, as well as subsidence, have shaped the hills and coastline of eastern England. Limestone, gritstone, and carboniferous strata plateaus are associated with major coalfields, some visible as surface outcrops.
A great example of England's geologic complexity is its cliff structure. The chalk cliffs of Dover are made up of a series of sedimentary rocks of varying ages that start at Land's End in the far southwest and end at the Isle of Wight. The English coastline is dotted with cliffs, bays, and river estuaries that add to the overall beauty of the landscape.
England's weather is as varied as its topography. The average temperature in England, like other temperate maritime zones, is moderate, ranging from around 35 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) in January to 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) in July in the Thames river valley (32 degrees Celsius). Tacitus, the Roman historian, described it as "unpleasant" with "frequent rains and mists but no extreme cold." However, the higher elevations of England receive snow for roughly 50 days out of the year. In fact, the northwest and southwest of England are particularly "wet". These areas receive less than 30 inches (750 mm) of rain per year and are frequently subject to severe drought. Rainfall averages only 20 inches in parts of the southeast (500 mm). The weather has influenced English art and literature not only seasonally but also day-to-day and even hour-to-hour. The bumbershoot's moniker as the stereotypical English gentleman's walking stick is not accidental.
The Economy of England
In the 18th and 19th centuries, England's economy was primarily agricultural until the Industrial Revolution transformed it into a highly urbanized and industrialized region as a result of the Industrial Revolution. A result of the close proximity of coal and iron ore deposits, heavy industries (iron and steel, textiles, and shipbuilding) sprang up in the north-eastern counties, and they continue to thrive today. During the 1930s, the Great Depression and foreign competition both contributed to a decline in manufactured goods production and an increase in unemployment in the industrial north, which contributed to the Great Depression. Residents of these northern counties who were out of work were forced to relocate south to London and its environs. Because of urbanization and industrialization, the southeast has become dominated by industries such as automotive, chemical, electrical, and machine tool manufacturing. Despite the fact that population growth and urbanization significantly reduced farmland in England during the twentieth century, the geographical counties of Cornwall, Devon, Kent, Lincolnshire, Somerset, and North Yorkshire have retained a significant proportion of their agricultural land.
Another period of industrial decline occurred in the late twentieth century, during which coal mining was virtually phased out and job losses in industries such as iron and steel production, shipbuilding, and textile manufacturing were particularly severe. The decline of these industries had a disproportionately negative impact on the economies of the north and the Midlands, while the economies of the south remained relatively prosperous. By the turn of the twenty-first century, the service sector had taken over as the dominant sector of the English economy, with banking and other financial services, retail, distribution, media and entertainment, education, health care, and hotels and restaurants among the leading sectors.